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Thursday, October 24, 2002
Text: "Road Map" - draft 15 October 2002

Text: "Road Map" - draft 15 October 2002

ELEMENTS OF A PERFORMANCE-BASED ROAD MAP TO A PERMANENT TWO-STATE SOLUTION
TO THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT

Draft October 15, 2002 - Source: Washington Institute for Near East Policy

The following are elements of a performance-based plan, under the
supervision of the Quartet, with clear phases and benchmarks leading to a
final and comprehensive settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by
2005, as presented in President Bush's speech of 24 June, and welcomed by
the EU, Russia and the UN in the 16 July and 17 September Quartet
Ministerial statements. Such a settlement, negotiated between the parties,
will result in the emergence of an independent, democratic Palestinian state
living side by side in peace and security with Israel and its other
neighbors. The settlement will end the occupation that began in 1967, based
on the Madrid Conference terms of reference and the principle of land for
peace, UNSCRs 242, 338, and 1397, agreements previously reached by the
parties, and the Arab initiative proposed by Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah and
endorsed by the Arab Summit in Beirut.

Phase I: October 2002-May 2003 (Transformation/Elections)
[IMRA: Palestinians make declarations and get arms, Israel stops defending
itself]

First Stage: October-December, 2002

. Quartet develops detailed roadmap, in consultation with the parties, to be
adopted at December Quartet/AHLC meeting.

. Appointment of new Palestinian cabinet, establishment of empowered Prime
Minister, including any necessary Palestinian legal reforms for this
purpose.

. PLC appoints Commission charged with drafting of Palestinian constitution
for Palestinian statehood.

. PA establishes independent Election Commission. PLC reviews and revises
election law.

. AHLC Ministerial launches major donor assistance effort.

. Palestinian leadership issues unequivocal statement reiterating Israel's
right to exist in peace and security and calling for an immediate end to the
armed Intifada and all acts of violence against Israelis anywhere. All
Palestinian institutions end incitement against Israel.

. In coordination with Quartet, implementation of U.S. rebuilding, training
and resumed security cooperation plan in collaboration with outside
oversight board (U.S.-Egypt-Jordan).

-- Palestinian security organizations are consolidated into three services
reporting to an empowered Interior Minister.

-- Restructured/retrained Palestinian security forces and IDF counterparts
begin phases resumption of security cooperation and other undertakings as
agreed in the Tenet work plan, including regular senior-level meetings, with
the participation of U.S. security officials.

. GOI facilities travel of Palestinian officials for PLC sessions,
internationally supervised security retraining, and other PA business
without restriction.

. GOI implements recommendations of the Bertini report to improve
humanitarian conditions, including lifting curfews and easing movement
between Palestinian areas.

. GOI ends actions undermining trust, including attacks in civilian areas,
and confiscation/demolition of Palestinian homes/property, deportations, as
a punitive measure or to facilitate Israeli construction.

. GOI immediately resumes monthly revenue clearance process in accordance
with agreed transparency monitoring mechanism. GOI transfers all arrears of
withheld revenue to Palestinian Ministry of Finance by end of December 2002,
according to specific timeline.

. Arab states move decisively to cut off public/private funding of extremist
groups, channel financial support for Palestinians through Palestinian
Ministry of Finance.

. GOI dismantles settlement outposts erected since establishment of the
present Israeli government and in contravention of current Israeli
government guidelines.

Second Stage: January-May 2003
[IMRA: Palestinian declarations/plans, Palestinian armed forces in, Israeli
security forces withdraw]

. Continued Palestinian political reform to ensure powers of PLC, Prime
Minister, and Cabinet.

. Independent Commission circulates draft Palestinian constitution, based on
strong parliamentary democracy, for public comment/debate.

. Devolution of power to local authorities through revised Municipalities
Law.

. Quartet monitoring mechanism established.

. Palestinian performance on agreed judicial, administrative, and economic
benchmarks, as determined by Task Force.

. As comprehensive security performance moves forward, IDF withdraws
progressively from areas occupied since September 8, 2000, Withdrawal to be
completed before holding of Palestinian elections. Palestinian security
forces redeploy to areas vacated by IDF.

. GOI facilitates Task Force election assistance, registration of voters,
movement of candidates and voting officials.

. GOI reopens East Jerusalem Chamber of Commerce and other closed
Palestinian economic institutions in East Jerusalem.

. Constitution drafting Commission proposes draft document for submission
after elections to new PLC for approval.

. Palestinians and Israelis conclude a new security agreement building upon
Tenet work plan, including an effective security mechanism and an end to
violence, terrorism, and incitement implemented through a restructured and
effective Palestinian security service.

. GOI freezes all settlement activity consistent with the Mitchell report,
including natural growth of settlements.

. Palestinians hold free, open, and fair elections for PLC.

. Regional support: Upon completion of security steps and IDF withdrawal to
September 28, 2000 positions, Egypt and Jordan return ambassadors to Israel.

Phase II: June 2003-December 2003 (Transition)
[IMRA: First time Palestinian security forces actually expected to do
something]

. Progress into Phase II will be based upon the judgment of the Quartet,
facilitated by establishment of a permanent monitoring mechanism on the
ground, whether conditions are appropriate to move on -- taking into account
performance of all parties and Quartet monitoring. Phase II starts after
Palestinian elections and ends with possible creation of a Palestinian state
with provisional borders by end of 2003.

. International Conference: Convened by the Quartet, in agreement with the
parties, immediately after the successful conclusion of Palestinian
elections to support Palestinian economic recovery and launch negotiations
between Israelis and Palestinians on the possibility of a state with
provisional borders.

-- Such a meeting would be inclusive, based on the goal of a comprehensive
Middle East peace (including between Israel and Syria, and Israel and
Lebanon), and based on the principles described in the preamble to this
document.

-- Other pre-Intifada Arab links to Israel restored (trade offices, etc.).

-- Revival of "multilateral talks" (regional water, environmental, economic
development, refugee, arms control issues).

. Newly elected PLC finalizes and approves new constitution for democratic,
independent Palestinian state.

. Continued implementation of security cooperation, complete collection of
illegal weapons, disarm militant groups, according to Phase I security
agreement.

. Israeli-Palestinian negotiation aimed at creation of a state with
provisional borders. Implementation of prior agreements to enhance maximum
territorial contiguity.

. Conclusion of transitional understanding and creation of state with
provisional borders by end of 2003. Enhanced international role in
monitoring transition.

. Further action on settlements simultaneous with establishment of
Palestinian state with provisional borders.

Phase III: 2004 -- 2005 (Statehood)

. Progress into Phase IIII, based on judgment of Quartet, taking into
account actions of all parties and Quartet monitoring.

. Second International Conference: Convened by the Quartet, with agreement
of the parties, at beginning of 2004 to endorse agreement reached on state
with provisional borders and to launch negotiations between Israel and
Palestine toward a final, permanent status resolution in 2005, including on
borders, Jerusalem, refugees and settlements; and, to support progress
toward a comprehensive Middle East settlement between Israel and Lebanon and
Syria, to be achieved as soon as possible.

. Continued comprehensive, effective progress on the reform agenda laid out
the Task Force in preparation for final status agreement.

. Continued sustained, effective security cooperation based on security
agreements reached by end of Phase I and other prior agreements.

. Arab state acceptance of normal relations with Israel and security for all
the states of the region, consistent with Beirut Arab Summit initiative.

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