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Thursday, December 19, 2002
JMCC Poll no. 47 - December, 2002 Poll Result On Palestinian Attitudes Towards The Palestinian Situation in General

JMCC Poll no. 47 - December, 2002 Poll Result On Palestinian Attitudes
Towards The Palestinian Situation in General

Jerusalem Media & Communication Center - JMCC
Public Opinion Poll Unit Jerusalem Media & Communication Center - JMCC
PO Box 25047 - Jerusalem
Tel. 02-5819777 Fax: 02-5829534
Email: poll@jmcc.org
Website: www.jmcc.org

[Provided to IMRA by e-mail]

Methodology

A random sample of 1200 people over the age of 18 were interviewed
face-to-face throughout the West Bank and Gaza Strip between 8 and 12
December 2002. The interviews were conducted in randomly selected homes, and
the subjects inside each home were also selected randomly according to Kish
tables. The margin of error is 3 percent, with a confidence level of 95.

* JMCC Public Opinion Polls are supported by a fund from Fredrich Ebert
Stiftung Foundation, Germany.

Results: (In percentages)

1. In general how optimistic or pessimistic do you feel towards the future?
Very optimistic 2.3 Optimistic 38.9
Pessimistic 33.7 Very Pessimistic 23.9
No answer 1.2

2. How optimistic or pessimistic are you towards reaching a peaceful
settlement for the Arab-Israeli conflict?
Very optimistic 1.2 Optimistic 24.8
Pessimistic 44.2 Very Pessimistic 27.9
No answer 1.9

Q.3 In principle, do you strongly support , Somewhat Support, somewhat
oppose, or strongly oppose peace negotiations between Palestinians and
Israelis?
Strongly support 11.4 Somewhat support 42.7
Somewhat oppose 21.3 Strongly oppose 21.3
No answer 3.3

Q.4 What do you think of the Oslo agreement? Would you say you strongly
support, support, oppose or strongly oppose it?
Strongly support 4.2 Support 28.3
Oppose 33.7 Strongly oppose 25.4
No answer 8.4

Q.5 Some say that the ideal way to achieve Palestinian national goals is
through negotiations, others say through armed struggle, what is the opinion
closer to your viewpoint?
Negotiations 21.0 Armed struggle 35.5 Negotiations and armed struggle 39.8
No answer 3.7

Q.6 Under the current conditions, some believe that the peace process is
dead and there is no chance of resuming the negotiations, while others see
that the peace process is passing through difficult conditions with an
unclear future and there is another group who believes that the peace
process is still alive and there is a possibility of resuming negotiations?
The peace process is dead and there is no chance of resuming the
negotiations 37.1
The peace process is passing through difficult conditions with an unclear
future 43.6
The peace process is still alive and there is a possibility of resuming
negotiations 15.1
Others 0.7
Don't know 2.1 No answer 1.4

Q7. Do you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose, or strongly
oppose the continuation of the al-Aqsa Intifada in the West Bank and Gaza
Strip?
Strongly support 42.8 Somewhat support 37.9
Somewhat oppose 12.0 Strongly oppose 4.6
No answer 2.7

8. There is a discussion within the Palestinian society on the benefit of
continuing the Intifada, what is your opinion? Should the Intifada continue
in its current form, should it continue but in other forms or should it the
Intifada stop?
The Intifada should continue in its current form. 58.8
The Intifada should stop 17.2
The Intifada should continue in other Forms 6.4
By reactivating the popular characteristic of the Intifada*. 3.1
By reactivating armed resistance*. 6.0
By reinforcing national unity and organize the Intifada*. 3.8
No answer 4.7
*These answers were not included as part of the options read to the
interviewees

Q.9 Some believe that the Intifada is the best path to achieve our national
goals and end the occupation, others believe that the negotiations are the
best way to do so. There are some who believe that the continuation of the
Intifada and the negotiations together is the method to achieve Palestinian
national goals, so in your perspective what is the best way to achieve our
national goals?
Only the Intifada 29.9 Only negotiations 16.2
Intifada and negotiations together 49.7
I don't know 2.8 No answer 1.4

Q10. The current Intifada includes popular characteristics such as the
demonstrations and military characteristics . in your opinion, do you
support the continuation of a popular or military Intifada or both of them
together?
I am with the continuation of a popular resistance Intifada 20.9
I am with the military resistance Intifada 14.3
I am with both of them 58.3
I don't know 4.8 No answer 1.7

Q.11 Do you support the resumption of the military operations against
Israeli targets as a suitable response within the current political
conditions, or do you reject it and find it harmful to Palestinian national
interests?
A suitable response within the current political conditions 69.3
I reject it and find it harmful to Palestinian national interests 24.0
I don't know 4.8 No answer 1.9

Q.12 Are you with the resumption of the military operations only inside
Israel, only inside the occupied territories or inside Israel and the
occupied territories?
Inside Israel only 18.8
Inside the occupied territories only 12.1
Inside Israel and the occupied territories 44.7
I am not with the resumption of the military operations 19.8
No answer 4.6

Q.13 What is your feeling towards suicide bombing operations against
Israeli civilians, do you support it or oppose it?
Strongly support 42.4 Somewhat support 20.3
Strongly oppose 9.3 Somewhat oppose 20.5
I Don't Know 5.1 No answer 2.4

Q.14 In your opinion, what should be the end result of the current Intifada,
is it improving the negotiation conditions for Palestinians, ending
occupation based on UN Resolution 242 and the establishment of the
Palestinian state or liberating all of historic Palestine?
Improve negotiation conditions for Palestinians 4.4
Ending occupation on basis of UN Resolution 242 and establishing the
Palestinian state 46.0
Liberating all of historic Palestine 47.0
Other 0.4
I don't know 1.2 No answer 1.0

Q. 15 After more than one year of the Intifada are you very optimistic,
somewhat optimistic, somewhat pessimistic or very pessimistic towards
achieving its objective that you chose in the previous question:
Very optimistic 9.1 Somewhat optimistic 43.8
Somewhat pessimistic 28.5 Very pessimistic 15.4
No answer 3.2

Q.16 Some believe that a two-state formula is the favored solution for the
Arab-Israeli conflict, while others believe that historic Palestine cannot
be divided and thus the favored solution is a bi-national state on all of
Palestine wherein Palestinians and Israelis enjoy equal representation and
rights. Which of these solution do you prefer?
Two-state solution: an Israeli and a Palestinian 46.5
Bi-national state on all of historic Palestine 26.2
One Palestinian State with one nationality* 11.2
Islamic independent state and Jerusalem as it's capital* 5.4
Islamic State* 4.6
Do not know 3.8
No answer 2.3
*These answers were not included as part of the options read to the
interviewees

Q17. Do you think that there is a corruption in the PNA?
Yes 82.7 No 7.8 Don't Know 8.3 No answer 1.2

Q17a. For those who answered yes in the previous question, to what extent do
you think there is corruption in the PNA, to a high level, to a medium level
or a low level?*
High level 58.3 Medium level 30.7 Low level 9.8
Don't Know 1.2 No answer 0.0
* This question was asked for those who answered yes in Q17

Q.18 The Palestinian Authority has been working in recent months on
implementing reform, some find the reform serious, others find it not
serious while others see that the political situation (re-occupation and
checkpoints) obstruct the success of these reforms, what is your opinion?
I find it serious 13.1
I find it not serious 46.9
Political situation (re-occupation and checkpoints) obstruct the success of
these reforms 33.1
No answer 6.9

Q19. In the process of reform conducted by the Authority there are parts
that were reformed and others did not succeed in reform, what is the reason?
Is it the lack of seriousness by the Authority in reform; restrictions
imposed by the occupation on the Authority (re-occupation and siege), is it
financial difficulties? Or something else, please state?
Lack of seriousness of the Authority in reform 42.5
Restrictions imposed by occupation on Authority (re-occupation and siege)
39.7
Financial difficulties 9.6
Other 1.8 No answer 6.4

Q20. If free democratic elections are held under these conditions, do you
expect the Palestinian people to re-elect Yasser Arafat? Yes 56.3 No 32.7 No
answer. 11.0

Q21. If free, democratic elections took place in these conditions, would you
elect Arafat as the President of the Palestinian people? Yes 46.8 No 43.0 No
answer. 10.2

Q22. Israel is preparing for elections where Likud's Sharon and Labor's
Mitsna' are competing for premiership, what is your opinion? Do you see that
for the interest of peace Sharon should be elected? Or Mitsna'? or you do
not see a difference between both of them in regards to achieving peace
opportunities with the Palestinian side?
For the interest of peace Sharon should be elected. 3.7
For the interest of peace Mitsna' should be elected 16.6
I don't see a difference between them regarding opportunities to achieve
peace with the Palestinian side 74.5
No answer 5.2

Q23. The United States recently proposed a solution project named "roadmap",
are you acquainted with it enough to give an opinion and stance?
Yes (move to 23-a) 32.0 No (move to 24) 64.2 No answer 3.8

Q23a. For those who answered yes in the previous question, do you believe
the Palestinian leadership should approve this plan, reject it or work on
improving it?*
the Palestinian leadership should approve this plan 7.0
the Palestinian leadership should reject this plan 49.7
the Palestinian leadership should work on improving it 41.4
No answer. 1.9
* This question was asked for those who answered yes in Q23

Q24. Which Palestinian personality do you trust the most ?
Yasser Arafat 25.5 Ahmed Yassin 11.5 Marwan Barghouthi 5.2
Sa'eb Erekat 3.1 Abdul Aziz Rantisi 2.4 Haider Abdul Shafi 2.0
Hanan Ashrawi 1.8 Ahmad Sa'adat 1.5 'Abdallah al-Shami 1.2 Yasser Abed Rabbo
1.2
Others 7.6 I Don't trust anyone 30.0 No answer 7.0
* The question was open-ended

Q25. Which Palestinian political or religious faction do you trust most?
Fateh 28.1 Hamas 20.1 Islamic Jihad 5.7 PFLP 2.1
Other Islamic faction 1.6 Other Factions 1.9
Don't trust anyone 31.4 No answer 9.1
* The questions was open-ended

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