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Thursday, November 16, 2000
Ha'aretz: Does GSS (Shabak) reliance on PA distort assessment?

Aaron Lerner Date: 16 November, 2000

Ha'aretz correspondent Yossi Melman reviews differences in
assessments of Arafat presented by military intelligence (Arafat
behind the violence) and the GSS (Arafat cannot stop the violence) in
an article appearing in the 16 November Hebrew edition of Ha'aretz.Ha'aretz: Does GSS (Shabak) reliance on PA distort assessment?

Aaron Lerner Date: 16 November, 2000

Ha'aretz correspondent Yossi Melman reviews differences in
assessments of Arafat presented by military intelligence (Arafat
behind the violence) and the GSS (Arafat cannot stop the violence) in
an article appearing in the 16 November Hebrew edition of Ha'aretz.

Melman writes that "there are those who maintain that the GSS suffers
from distortions caused by the tight working relationships that they
developed with the heads of the security apparatus of the Palestinian
Authority since the signing of the Oslo Agreement."

Melman quotes a senior officer in the IDF that "the GSS turned, and
not just metaphorically, the Palestinian security apparatus into a
kind of subcontractor for the thwarting of terrorist attacks and
developed a strong dependence on them. Therefore, it is easier for
them to make the assumption that Arafat does not control the street
and thus absolve him and the heads of his security apparatus from
responsibility."

Dr. Aaron Lerner, Director
IMRA (Independent Media Review & Analysis)
(mail POB 982 Kfar Sava)
Tel 972-9-7604719/Fax 972-3-548-0092
INTERNET ADDRESS: imra@netvision.net.il
pager 03-6750750 subscriber 4811
Website: http://www.imra.org.il


0011161000111611/16/00 0:00:0012/30/99 5:20:29IDF Radio: Barak mothballs documents attacking PAIDF Radio: Barak mothballs documents attacking PA

Aaron Lerner Date: 16 November, 2000

Ma'ariv's website (http://images.IDF Radio: Barak mothballs documents attacking PA

Aaron Lerner Date: 16 November, 2000

Ma'ariv's website (http://images.maariv.co.il/cache/ART84673.html )
notes that this morning Army Radio revealed that Gilead Sher and
Minister Shlomo Ben Ami succeeded to convince Prime Minister Ehud
Barak to block the publication of a 60 page document prepared by
Danny Yatom that details a long list of incidents of corruption and
bribe taking by senior members of the Palestinain Authority.

The document presents examples of violations of agreements by the
Authority. The report, called the "white book" cites massive tax
evasion by Jibril Rajoub, the use of stolen Israeli cars by senior
members of the Authority and corruption directly associated with
Yasser Arafat.

Barak decide to edit out references to Arafat and limit the
distribution of the sanitized document because "it will be impossible
to convince the Israeli public to reach an agreement with the
Palestinians after it is published."

Dr. Aaron Lerner, Director
IMRA (Independent Media Review & Analysis)
(mail POB 982 Kfar Sava)
Tel 972-9-7604719/Fax 972-3-548-0092
INTERNET ADDRESS: imra@netvision.net.il
pager 03-6750750 subscriber 4811
Website: http://www.imra.org.il


0011161100111611/16/00 0:00:0012/30/99 5:20:59PM BARAK MEETS RUSSIAN FM IVANOV asked him to unequivocally demand that PA.Chmn Yasser Arafat halt the violence and incitement immediatelyPM BARAK MEETS RUSSIAN FM IVANOV asked him to unequivocally demand that
PA.PM BARAK MEETS RUSSIAN FM IVANOV asked him to unequivocally demand that
PA.Chmn Yasser Arafat halt the violence and incitement immediately


(Communicated by the Prime Minister's Media Adviser)
Jerusalem Thursday, November 16, 2000

Prime Minister Ehud Barak met this morning (Thursday), 16.11.2000, with
Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov and asked him to unequivocally
demand that Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat halt the
violence and incitement immediately. The Prime Minister said that
instead of proceeding towards an agreement with Israel which would lead
to the establishment of a Palestinian state, Chairman Arafat has chosen
the path of violence which endangers regional stability and the
interests of the international community.

Prime Minister Barak emphasized that Israel would be unable to remain
indifferent to the risks that would stem from a unilateral declaration
of Palestinian statehood and would be compelled to take steps to protect
its interests.

Foreign Minister Ivanov expressed his concern that continued escalation
would be liable to bring about a regional deterioration and stressed his
support for a continuation of Israeli-Palestinian negotiations under US
auspices. He added that Russia would not support a decision on the
issue of international observers that goes against the Israeli position.

The two men agreed that Russian President Vladimir Putin would make an
official visit to Israel next year and decided to deepen links between
their respective countries' national security councils.



0011161200111611/16/00 0:00:0012/30/99 5:21:19PM BARAK ORDERS SPECIAL BUDGETARY ALLOCATION FOR GILOPM BARAK ORDERS SPECIAL BUDGETARY ALLOCATION FOR GILO
(Communicated by the Prime Minister's Media Adviser)
Jerusalem Thursday, November 16, 2000

Prime Minister Ehud Barak today (Thursday), 16.PM BARAK ORDERS SPECIAL BUDGETARY ALLOCATION FOR GILO
(Communicated by the Prime Minister's Media Adviser)
Jerusalem Thursday, November 16, 2000

Prime Minister Ehud Barak today (Thursday), 16.11.2000, directed Finance
Minister Avraham Shohat and Prime Minister's Office Director-General
Yossi Kucik to budget approximately NIS 11 million to the southern
Jerusalem neighborhood of Gilo.

Given the events of recent weeks and days and in light of the needs
raised by the Gilo neighborhood administration, the funds will be
budgeted - inter alia - towards protecting educational institutions,
bolstering activities at community centers, providing for additional
teachers, psychologists and social workers, and for Jewish National
Fund-sponsored trips and camps for Gilo children.

Prime Minister Barak said that he commends the residents of Gilo who
have been at the forefront of the struggle and who deserve maximum
support from the government.



0011151400111511/15/00 0:00:0012/30/99 5:22:27ress Briefing by Col. Reisner, IDF Legal Division on Israeli response to violence- Nov 15, 2000Press Briefing by Col.Press Briefing by Col. Reisner, IDF Legal Division on Israeli response to
violence- Nov 15, 2000

Excerpts from Press Briefing by Colonel Daniel Reisner,
Head of the International Law Branch of the IDF Legal Division

Jerusalem November 15, 2000

Many people tend to compare between the current situation and the
Intifada of `87-'92. I would like to explain to you in a few
words the differences, from my perspective, in relation to the
current situation and the Intifada in 1987. During the 1987
Intifada, one hundred percent of the West Bank and the Gaza strip
were under Israeli control. None of this is similar to what is
happening right now. First of all, Israel does not control the
Palestinian towns and villages right now. Population-wise, 97%
of the Palestinian population is under Palestinian control.
Territorially, the percentage is somewhat different - 40% of the
West Bank and 95% of Gaza are under Palestinian control. So what
we have now is, a) we are no longer in the Palestinian-populated
areas, b) we are no longer in daily control inside these areas,
and c) the incidents taking place right now are not taking place
within the towns and villages, they are incidents which take
place when Palestinians move towards what we now call "flash
points", and then we have an event.

The Palestinians have continuously claimed that the Israelis
entered Area A. We are not in Area A in the West Bank, and we did
not enter the Palestinian towns and villages in Gaza, but there
have been a lot of false claims to the contrary by the
Palestinians, and I think that's an adequate response currently
to the question.

From a legal perspective, classical international law only
recognizes two situations: peace or war. But life isn't as
simple as that. The current situation, the fact that now a large
percentage of the attacks involve live weapons, that we are
facing a Palestinian authority, that we are facing a Palestinian
security service which in part is taking active participation in
hostilities, has brought us to the conclusion that we are no
longer in the realm of peace.

Rules of engagement are a worldwide phenomenon - we did not
invent them - and there is a spectrum of rules of engagement
which are relevant. On the one hand, at the extreme end, is what
I'll call "police rules of engagement". These are more or less
standard worldwide. You are allowed to use live fire in
self-defense. In all other cases, you usually use what is called
"less than lethal" or "non-lethal" weapons systems. The other end
of the spectrum is warfare. Now, in warfare, you are allowed to
fire at military targets. You don't have to fire warning shots,
you don't have to aim at the feet, and if it's a military target
usually you don't have give them advanced warning, and generally
speaking there are limitations but they are rather few and
far-between. There is a large area in between these two ends of
the spectrum which every country has to adapt and use for its
specific situation.

Up to the current events, the rules of engagement of the Israel
Defense Forces in the West Bank and Gaza Strip were police rules
of engagement. When this new situation came about, and we came
to the legal decision that we have crossed the line between the
area of peace and the area of let's say active hostility, I came
to the Israeli military and said, "We can, at this juncture, look
again at our rules of engagement, because the facts have changed.
There are people carrying live weapons on the other side who are
firing at you. You don't have to wait until you are shot at
before you fire back." The funny thing was, when I came to the
military and said this, the military said, "Well, thank you for
this information, but we'd rather not."

And yet, we have made at least two modifications to adapt to the
new circumstance. First of all, you have of course heard of the
specific incident when we used attack helicopters to attack
specific locations. Now, obviously that's not part of a
peace-time operation. But please note that even when we did
utilize these war-time measures, we did them as follows: A), we
gave advance notice of the sites we were going to attack, and
several hours advance notice. B), we even fired some warning
shots before shooting, and C), when we did attack, we hit the
specific locations we said we were going to attack, so that
actually no-one was killed.

The second change now is that the word "life-threatening"
situation is interpreted a bit more widely that it used to be.
For example, now you don't necessarily have to wait until you get
shot at before you fire back. Generally speaking in most
countries, that would be self-defense anyway; for us, until this
current situation, the soldiers were actually told to wait until
they were shot at.

A lot has been said in the media in the international
organizations, about the fact that we haven't been using enough
non-lethal weapons systems. First of all, what do we use? The
Palestinians have been claiming that we invented a new type of
tear gas - I'm sorry, we don't have a new type of tear gas. We
are using international standard CS tear gas, which is used by
police forces and military organizations all over the world. Its
efficiency, by the way, is limited.

And we use the famous rubber-coated bullets. We are aware of the
fact that the rubber-coated bullet has in some instances caused
severe injury, but statistically as far as we are aware they are
very small. If it's fired at too close a range, yes, it can be
dangerous, which is why we told our soldiers how to fire it and
we train them in that. I'm not saying that in every single
instance we are OK, but I can tell you what the training is, what
the orders are, and what the results of all the checks that we
have done. And it's not only our system. This weapon system is
not unique to Israel, it's been used in other parts of the world.

During the intifada, we actually invented quite a bit of
riot-control equipment. We invented a stone-throwing vehicle.
We invented a helicopter-dropped net - I think it was a
glue-covered net. A lot of very intelligent people came up with a
lot of nice methods to catch people who are throwing stones and
carrying out disturbances. Now the problem in the current
situation is that we are no longer facing the classic
disturbance, because either we are facing a disturbance
interspersed with live fire, or there is a constant danger, if
you try to deal with it in the short ranges with just riot
control, that you might actually be targeted with live fire,
because they have that capability everywhere. As a result, what
we have found out, is that the confrontation ranges that we are
now talking about in which our riot control equipment is
effective, are between 50 and 100 meters, and even less, frankly,
because if you throw tear-gas grenades at 80 meters it doesn't do
much.

We've actually started searching for non-lethal weapons systems,
or as they are now called less-than-lethal weapons systems, all
over the world, and we sent groups of our experts to tour every
single country in the world during the last weeks which has such
capabilities - I think the number was the 26 different countries
and military organizations - and there are no non-lethal weapons
systems on this planet which are effective over 100 meters.
None. We are now trying to develop new systems which will meet
the new threat, which means they will be effective at longer
ranges, which will actually mean that it will keep the people
away and therefore also prevent them coming near us into
effective ranges of live-fire weapons, but these are now in
development and they'll take some time.

I have heard a lot of statements in the media and by
international organizations about the numbers of people being
hurt. From all I've read the reports from the different
international organizations, not ours, I can tell you that
3-4,000 people injured seems to be the vicinity of the number
that most international organizations are talking about.

The claim against the IDF is that we're using excessive force.
Let's try and see if the numbers bear this out. We have three
kinds of events in which we are being attacked. The first event
is a normal riot/disturbance/stone-throwing incident, standard
type. On the other end of the spectrum we have the live fire
attack, be it attack from machine guns, automatic rifles, blowing
up a bomb, whatever. And we have the mixed incidents, where you
have both stone-throwing and rifle fire in between. Let's say
that an average incident will involve several dozen people and
will last half an hour, on average. I have the statistics of how
many attacks there have been in the last six weeks. There have
been, up to the day before yesterday, 1,351 armed attacks against
Israeli targets. There have been 3,734 attacks without live
weapons. A total of just under 5,100 attacks instigated by the
Palestinians. Now, if this is the number, based on our military
reports from all units, who report every incident, and if we take
the number of people who have been injured, we find that on
average less than one person is being injured per incident. Is
that excessive use of force?

Now, we are now in active warfare. This is not a full war, but
this is active hostilities. Unfortunately that means that the
Palestinians must understand that having instigated this thing,
people will pay a price. We don't intend to kill innocent people,
but we cannot promise that we'll only manage to hit the people
firing at us. We'll do our best, but we can't promise, and
there's where we currently are.


0011161300111611/16/00 0:00:0012/30/99 11:21:28IMRA'S WEEKLY COMMENTARY ON ARUTZ 7 - 16 November 2000IMRA'S WEEKLY COMMENTARY ON ARUTZ 7 - 16 November 2000

Aaron Lerner Date: 16 November, 2000
(Broadcast in English on Thursday nights at 10:00 PM on 98.IMRA'S WEEKLY COMMENTARY ON ARUTZ 7 - 16 November 2000

Aaron Lerner Date: 16 November, 2000
(Broadcast in English on Thursday nights at 10:00 PM on 98.7 FM and
on 1539 AM throughout Israel - recording available on
http://www.IsraelNationalNews.com)


#1 Before proposing solution we have to know what the problem is

When the average politician, be he from the secular messianic Oslo
diehards or from the national camp, is asked "what is YOUR solution?"
he is bound to respond with confidence that he knows the way to reach
"peace in our time" with the Palestinians.

I am not a politician so I do not have to worry about the possible
impact being the bearer of bad tidings can have on my score in the
Friday public opinion polls - or even at the ballot box.

So before answering the question "what is YOUR solution" let me first
ask "solution to what?"

Last week's poll of 1,234 Palestinians carried out by the Birzeit
University Development Studies Programme goes a long way towards
helping us understand the problem we are facing.

Question: If East Jerusalem comes under Palestinian sovereignty, will
you accept Israeli sovereignty over West Jerusalem?

Answer: No 74.3%

That's right. The problem is not Kiryat Arba. The problem is not
even Gilo. Close to three quarters of the Palestinians will not
accept Israeli sovereignty in western Jerusalem - the capital of Israel
already in 1948.

Question: Do you believe that peace is possible between Palestinians
and Israelis if Israel does not recognize the right of Palestinian
refugees to return?

Answer: No 91.5%

Even the radical extremists at Gush Shalom draw the line on the
return of the 1948 refugees. Yet almost all the Palestinians reject
peace unless Israel agrees to this suicidal step.

Question: In the case of establishing an independent Palestinian
State, would you view a friendship between a Palestinian and an
Israeli positively?

Answer: No 64.8%

Question: Do you support or oppose military attacks against Israeli
targets at the present time?

Answer: Support 80.0%

Four out of five support war against Israel

Not a pretty picture.

The question today is NOT how to bring peace in our time with the
Palestinians. The question is how can the Jewish state survive and
prosper given that the Palestinians have no interest in reaching a
negotiated arrangement that would allow for a Jewish state that would
survive and prosper.

We are not neutral parties to this conflict. We ARE a party in this
conflict. And while that does not mean that we should view the
situation as a zero sum game in which we can only "win" if the
Palestinians completely "lose" it is dangerously naive to believe
that ANY package of concessions, no matter how generous or painful to
us they may be, will cause the Palestinians to forego their
aspirations to destroy us.

The question was, is, and will be, how to prevent the Arabs from
destroying us. Not how to make peace.

#2 If only we had listened to Peres

Just how dangerous is it to pursue some secular messianic "peace in
our time" approach?

Since Bashar Assad inherited the presidency of Syria he has made
great strides in renewing ties with Iraq while continuing his
friendship with Iran. Observers explain that Assad has opted to
engage in saber rattling against Israel in order to bolster his weak
domestic standing. NONE, repeat, NONE of this has anything to do
with what Israel has or hasn't done. His actions, that could
ultimately end in war, are driven solely by domestic considerations.

Most recall that Shimon Peres, the ultimate "peace in our time"
secular messianic, dreamed in 1996 of withdrawing from the Golan to
the Kinneret. But he also fantasized about forming a Middle Eastern
version of a NATO force of Syria, Israel, Egypt and Jordan to face
the "forces of darkness". Syria, Israel's ally in the "forces of
light" was to be armed to the teeth with the finest American weapons
U.S. grant money could supply.

If you think the situation today is dangerous. Just imagine what a
nightmare we would be facing tonight looking up towards a Golan held
by an upgraded Syrian army taking orders from a Syrian president who,
as the experts explain, is bringing his country dangerously close to
war with Israel out of purely domestic considerations. Israel's
presence on the Golan has NOTHING to do with it.

#3 What is Barak doing?

For those who think that Barak is not rushing towards a "peace in our
time" solution consider the following:

+ He has agreed to participate in a summit with Arafat and Clinton
based on the suicidal concessions already made in Camp David. Those
understandings have now become Israel's opening position.

+ To make matters worse, Barak wants Clinton to present a bridge
proposal that will bridge between this proposal and Arafat's
unchanged demands. This new "bridge proposal" will then become
Israel's opening position in the negotiations!

+ It is clear that Barak will do whatever he possibly can to attend
such a summit even if the violence continues. This morning he said
on Israel Radio that the shots of assault rifles out in what he terms
"the wilderness" will not stop him from talking so it is just a
question of defining what areas qualify as "wilderness". Yes, he
says he wants the violence to "significantly reduce", but you can
count on the spinners to come up with some way to present ANY
situation as a reduction in violence.

+ Army Radio reported this morning that Barak ordered his office not
to distribute material that makes Arafat look bad, because "it will
be impossible to convince the Israeli public to reach an agreement
with the Palestinians after it is published."

+ Barak is apparently even well on his way towards agreeing to UN
observers. The Washington Post reported this morning that Senior
Israeli and Palestinian officials met secretly at the Egyptian
mission to the United Nations yesterday to discuss sending U.N.
observers or peacekeepers to East Jerusalem, Gaza and the West Bank.
This after U.S. Ambassador Richard C. Holbrooke urged Israel's
ambassador to the United Nations, Yehuda Lancry, to meet with the
Palestinian representative, Nasser al-Kidwa, to discuss the
situation.

In the virtual reality world some of our leadership lives in, these
UN forces will somehow improve, or at least not harm, the situation.
Let there be no illusions: These "neutral" observers believe that the
"occupied" Palestinians have every right to try and kill the
"occupying" Israelis.

That it appears Barak would even entertain creating a situation based
on such ground rules is testimony to just how seriously blind our
prime minister is.


#4 Army held back

Is the army being held back?

It is apparent from Barak's interview this morning that the action
proposals that the military presents to the government for
consideration are pre-censored so that they jibe with the worldview
of the Barak government. Barak said that the IDF was not being held
back by the government, explaining that the military only proposes
actions that are in accordance with an understanding of the
diplomatic/security situation.

Plainly put, the IDF does not propose how to win the battle in the
field. Instead, if Barak is correct, they tie their own hands behind
their backs out of concern for "diplomatic" considerations.

And there are many effective courses of action that fail the
"diplomatic" test. Consider, for example, Likud MK Gideon Ezra's
proposal to ban Palestinian rifles within 600 meters of any area
under Israeli control. A ban enforced by simple shoot-to-kill orders
against offenders. Removing the Palestinian rifles from the scene
would certainly make it easier for Israel to deter threatening mobs -
with a reduction in casualties to both sides.

It is critical that everything possible be done to put an end to the
Shas "security net" and to take whatever parliamentary measures
possible to prevent Barak from going to a summit to give away the
farm.

Dr. Aaron Lerner, Director
IMRA (Independent Media Review & Analysis)
(mail POB 982 Kfar Sava)
Tel 972-9-7604719/Fax 972-3-5480092
INTERNET ADDRESS: imra@netvision.net.il
pager 03-6750750 subscriber 4811
Website: http://www.imra.org.il



0011161400111611/16/00 0:00:0012/30/99 11:22:17Document: Fatal Terrorist Attacks in Israel Since the Declaration of Principles (September 1993)Document: Fatal Terrorist Attacks in Israel Since the Declaration of
Principles (September 1993)

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs

http://www.Document: Fatal Terrorist Attacks in Israel Since the Declaration of
Principles (September 1993)

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs

http://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/go.asp?MFAH0cc40


Since the signing of the Declaration of Principles between Israel and the
PLO on September 13, 1993, 255 civilians and soldiers have been killed in
terrorist attacks in Israel.

Sep 24 93 Yigal Vaknin was stabbed to death in an orchard near the trailer
home where he lived near the village of Basra. A squad squad of the HAMAS'
Iz a-Din al Kassam claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 9 93 Dror Forer and Aran Bachar were murdered by terrorists in Wadi Kelt
in the Judean Desert. The Popular Front and the Islamic Jihad 'Al-Aqsa
Squads' each publicly claimed responsibility.

Oct 24 93 Two IDF soldiers, Staff Sgt. (res.) Ehud Rot, age 35, and Sgt.
Ilan Levi, age 23, were killed by a HAMAS Iz a-Din al Kassam squad. The two
entered a Subaru with Israeli license plates outside a Jewish settlement in
the Gaza Strip, whose passengers were apparently terrorists disguised as
Israelis. Following a brief struggle, the soldiers were shot at close range
and killed. HAMAS publicly claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 29 93 Chaim Mizrahi, resident of Beit-El, was kidnapped by three
terrorists from a poultry farm near Ramallah. He was murdered and his body
burned. Three Fatah members were convicted of the murder on July 27, 1994.

Nov 7 93 Efraim Ayubi of Kfar Darom, Rabbi Chaim Druckman's personal driver,
was shot to death by terrorists near Hebron. HAMAS publicly claimed
responsibility for the murder.

Nov 9 93 Salman 'Id el-Hawashla, age 38, an Israeli Bedouin of the Abu
Rekaik tribe who was driving a car with Israeli plates, was killed by three
armed men driving a truck hijacked from the Gaza municipality, in a
deliberate head-on collision.

Nov 17 93 Sgt. 1st Cl. Chaim Darina, age 37, was stabbed by a Gazan
terrorist while seated at the cafeteria at the Nahal Oz road block at the
entrance to the Gaza Strip. The perpetrator was apprehended. The Islamic
Jihad claimed responsibility for the murder.

Dec 1 93 Shalva Ozana, age 23, and Yitzhak Weinstock, age 19, were shot to
death by terrorists from a moving vehicle, while parked on the side of the
road to Ramallah because of engine trouble. Weinstock died of his wounds the
following morning. Iz a-Din al Kassam claimed responbility for the attack,
stating that it was carried out in retaliation for the killing by Israeli
forces of Imad Akel, a wanted HAMAS leader in Gaza.

Dec 5 93 David Mashrati, a reserve soldier, was shot and killed by a
terrorist attempting to board a bus on route 641 at the Holon junction. The
Islamic Jihad Shekaki gorup claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 6 93 Mordechai Lapid and his son Shalom Lapid, age 19, were shot to
death by terrorists near Hebron. HAMAS publicly claimed responsibility for
the attack.

Dec 22 93 Eliahu Levin and Meir Mendelovitch were killed by shots fired at
their car from a passing vehicle in the Ramallah area. HAMAS claimed
responsibility.

Dec 23 93 Anatoly Kolisnikov, an Ashdod resident employed as a relief
watchman at a construction site there, was stabbed to death while on duty.

Dec 31 93 Chaim Weizman and David Bizi were found murdered in a Ramle
apartment. ID cards of two Gaza residents were found in the apartment,
together with a leaflet of the Popular Front 'Red Eagle' group, claiming
responsibility for the murder.

Dec 24 93 Lieut.Col. Meir Mintz, commander of the IDF special forces in the
Gaza area, was shot and killed by terrorists in an ambush on his jeep at the
T-junction in Gaza. The HAMAS Iz a-Din al Kassam squads publicly claimed
responsibility for the attack.

Jan 12 94 Moshe Becker of Rishon Le-Zion was stabbed to death by three
Palestinian employees while working in his orchard. The Popular Front
claimed responsibility for the murder.

Jan 14 94 Grigory Ivanov was stabbed to death by a terrorist in the
industrial zone at the Erez junction, near the Gaza Strip. HAMAS claimed
responsibility for the attack.

Feb 9 94 Ilan Sudri, a taxi driver, was kidnapped and murdered while
returning home from work. The Islamic Jihad Shekaki group sent a message to
the news agencies claiming responsibility for the murder.

Feb 10 94 Naftali Sahar, a citrus grower, was murdered by blows to his head.
His body was found in his orchard near Kibbutz Na'an.

Feb 13 94 Noam Cohen, age 28, member of the General Security Service, was
shot and killed in an ambush on his car. Two of his colleagues who were also
in the vehicle suffered moderate injuries. HAMAS claimed responsibility for
the attack.

Feb 17 94 Yuval Golan, stabbed on December 29, 1993 by a terrorist near
Adarim in the Hebron area, died of his wounds.

Feb 19 94 Zipora Sasson, resident of Ariel and five months pregnant, was
killed on the trans-Samaria highway in an ambush by shots fired at her car.
The terrorists were members of HAMAS.

Feb 25 94 Sam Eisenstadt, age 80, was assaulted with an axe in the center of
Kfar Saba. He died of his wounds shortly afterwards.

Mar 23 94 Victor Lashchiver, employed as a guard at the Income Tax offices
in East Jerusalem, was shot and killed near Damascus Gate on his way to
work. The Popular Front claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 29 94 Yitzhak Rothenberg, age 70 of Petah Tikva, was attacked on a
construction site by two residents of Khan Yunis by axe blows to the head.
He died several days later of his wounds. The murderers, apprehended the
next day, stated that they carried out the attack in order to clear
themselves of suspected collaboration with the Israeli authorities.

Mar 31 94 Yosef Zandani, age 28 of Bnei Ayish, near Gedera, was found
murdered in his apartment. Near the body was a leaflet of the DFLP "Red
Star", explaining that the murder was carried out in revenge for the
shooting of one of its members by an Israeli citizen. The Israeli acted in
self-defense.

Apr 6 94 Asher Attia, 48, of Afula, bus driver; Vered Mordechai, 13, of
Afula; Maya Elharar, 17, of Afula; Ilana Schreiber, 45, a teacher from
Kibbutz Nir David; Meirav Ben-Moshe, 16, of Afula; Ayala Vahaba, 40, a
teacher from Afula; and Fadiya Shalabi, 25, of Iksal were killed in a
car-bomb attack on a bus in the center of Afula. HAMAS claimed
responsibility for the attack. Ahuva Cohen Onalla, 37, wounded in the
attack, died of her wounds on April 25.

Apr 7 94 Yishai Gadassi, age 32 of Kvutzat Yavne, was shot and killed at a
hitchhiking post at the Ashdod junction by a member of HAMAS. The terrorist
was killed by bystanders at the scene.

Apr 13 94 Rahamim Mazgauker, 34, of Hadera; David Moyal, 26 of Ramat Gan, an
Egged mechanic; Daga Perda, 44, who immigrated from Ethiopia in 1991; Bilha
Butin, 49, of Hadera; and Sgt. Ari Perlmutter, 19, of Ir Ovot in the Arava
were killed in a suicide bombing attack on a bus in the central bus station
of Hadera. HAMAS claimed responsibility for the attack.

Apr 21 94 The body of officer cadet Shahar Simani, 20, of Ashkelon, was
found stabbed to death near the roadside at the village of Beit Hanina,
north of Jerusalem. He had been kidnapped while hitchhiking in the south.

May 17 94 Rafael Yairi (Klumfenbert), 36, of Kiryat Arba, and Margalit Ruth
Shohat, 48, of Ma'ale Levona, were killed when their car was fired upon by
by terrorists in a passing car near Beit Haggai, south of Hebron.

May 20 94 Staff Sgt. Moshe Bukra, 30, and Cpl. Erez Ben-Baruch, 24, were
shot dead by HAMAS terrorists at a roadblock one kilometer south of the Erez
checkpoint in the Gaza Strip.

Jul 7 94 Sarit Prigal, 17, was shot to death when terrorists opened fire
from a passing car near the entrance to Kiryat Arba.

Jul 7 94 The body of Arye Frankenthal, 20, from Moshav Gimzo near Lod, who
had left his base in the south the previous day, was found stabbed and shot
near the Arab village of Kafr Akab, near Ramallah.

Jul 19 94 Lt. Guy Ovadia, 23, of Kibbutz Yotvata, was fatally wounded in an
ambush near Rafiah. HAMAS took responsibility for the attack, saying it was
"a response to the massacre at the Erez checkpoint".

Jul 25 94 Border policeman Sgt.-Maj. Jacques Attias, 24, died of his wounds
after being shot by Palestinian policemen during the riots at Erez
checkpoint on July 17.

Aug 2 94 Yoram Sakuri, 30, of Kiryat Netafim in Samaria, died of stab wounds
suffered when a terrorist broke into his home on July 1st.

Aug 14 94 Ron Soval, 18, of Lehavim, north of Beersheba, was shot to death
in an ambush near Kissufim junction in the Gaza Strip. HAMAS claimed
responsibility for the attack.

Aug 26 94 Shlomo Kapach, 22, of Holon and Gil Revah, 21, of Bat Yam,
elevator technicians, were murdered at a Ramle building site. Israel has
requested the extradition of the suspected killers from the Palestinian
Authority.

Sep 4 94 Sgt. Victor Shichman, 24, was killed at the Morag junction in the
southern Gaza Strip while on patrol, from shots fired from a vehicle bearing
Palestinian license plates.

Oct 9 94 Ma'ayan Levy, 19, an off-duty soldier from Moshav Beit Zayit and
Samir Mugrabi, 35, from Kafr Akab, in north Jerusalem, were killed in a
terrorist attack in the Nahalat Shiva section of downtown Jerusalem. HAMAS
claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 14 94 Cpl. Nahshon Wachsman, 20, who had been abducted by HAMAS, was
murdered by his captors. Capt. Nir Poraz, 23, was killed in the course of
the unsuccessful IDF rescue operation to obtain his release.

Oct 19 94 In a suicide bombing attack on the No. 5 bus on Dizengoff Street
in Tel-Aviv, 21 Israelis and one Dutch national were killed: Haviv Tishbi,
54, of Tel Aviv; Moshe Gardinger, 83, of Tel Aviv; Pnina Rapaport, 74, of
Tel Aviv; Galit Rosen, 23, of Holon; Zippora Ariel, 64, of Tel Aviv; David
Lida, 74, of Tel Aviv; Puah Yedgar, 56, of Givatayim; Dalia Ashkenazi, 62,
of Tel; Aviv Esther Sharon, 21, of Lod; Ofra Ben-Naim, 33, of Lod; Tamar
Karlibach-Sapir, 24, of Moshav Zafaria; Shira Meroz-Kot, 20, of Kibbutz Beit
Hashita; Miriam Adaf, 54, of Sderot; Anat Rosen, 21, of Ra'anana; Salah
Ovadia, 52, of Holon; Eliahu Wasserman, 66, of Bat Yam; Alexandra
Sapirstein, 55, of Holon; Dr. Pierre Atlas, 56, of Kiryat Ono; Ella Volkov,
21, of Safed; Ayelet Langer-Alkobi, 26, of Kibbutz Yiron; Kochava Biton, 59,
of Tel Aviv; Rinier Yurest, 23, of the Netherlands.

Nov 11 94 Capt. Yehazkel Sapir, 36, of Kfar Sava; Lt. Yotam Rahat, 31, of
Tel-Aviv; and Capt. Elad Dror, 24, of Kibbutz Nachson were killed at the
Netzarim junction in the Gaza Strip when a Palestinian riding a bicycle
detonated explosives strapped to his body. Islamic Jihad said it carried out
the attack to avenge the car bomb killing of Islamic Jihad leader Hani Abed
on Nov 2.

Nov 19 94 Sgt.-Maj. Gil Dadon, 26, of Bat Yam, was killed at the army post
at Netzarim junction by shots fired from a passing car. HAMAS claimed
responsibility for the attack.

Nov 27 94 Rabbi Amiran Olami, 34, of Otniel was killed near Beit Hagai 10
kms south of Hebron by shots fired from a passing car.

Nov 30 94 Sgt. Liat Gabai, 19, of Afula, was axed to death in the center of
Afula.

Jan 6 95 Ofra Felix, 20, of Beit El, a university student, was killed when
terrorists opened fire on her car north of Beit El.

Jan 22 95 Two consecutive bombs exploded at the Beit Lid junction near
Netanya, killing 18 soldiers and one civilian. The Islamic Jihad claimed
responsibility for the attack. The soldiers killed were: Lt. David Ben-Zino,
20, of Ashdod; Lt. Adi Rosen, 20, of Moshav Bitzaron; Lt. Yuval Tuvya, 22,
of Jerusalem; Sgt.-Maj. Anan Kadur, 24, of Daliat al-Carmel; Staff-Sgt.
Damian Rosovski, 20, of Kadima; Staff-Sgt. Yehiel Sharvit, 21, of Haifa;
Staff-Sgt. Yaron Blum, 20, of Jerusalem; Sgt. Maya Kopstein, 19, of
Jerusalem; Sgt. Daniel Tzikuashvili, 19, of Jerusalem; Sgt. Avi Salto, 19,
of Rishon Lezion; Sgt. Rafael Mizrahi, 19, of Ramat Gan; Sgt. Eran Gueta,
20, of Ashkelon; Cpl. Soli Mizrahi, 18, of Ramat Ramat Gan; Cpl. David
Hasson, 18, of Ashkelon; Cpl. Amir Hirschenson, 18, of Jerusalem; Cpl. Gilad
Gaon, 18, of Herzliya; Cpl. Ilie Dagan, 18, of Kochav Yair; Cpl. Eitan
Peretz, 18, of Nahariya; and Shabtai Mahpud, 34, of Moshav Tnuvot.
Lt. Eyal Levy, 20, of Ashdod, and Cpl. Yaniv Weiser, 18, of Givatayim, who
were seriously wounded in the attacks, later died of their wounds.

Feb 6 95 Yevgeny Gromov, 32, of Ashkelon, a security guard, was killed when
terrorists opened fire from a passing car on the Gaza bypass road between
Jabalya and Gaza City, as he was escorting a gasoline truck to a Gaza Strip
filling station.

Feb 13 95 Rafael Cohen, 35, of Jerusalem, a taxi driver, was fatally stabbed
on the Jerusalem-Ma'aleh Adumim road.

Mar 19 95 Nahum Hoss, 32, of Hebron and Yehuda Fartush, 41, of Kiryat Arba,
were killed when terrorists fired on an Egged bus near the entrance to
Hebron.

Mar 29 95 Police Insp. Nitzan Cohen, 22, of Jerusalem and Sgt.-Maj. Jamal
Suwitat from Makr village in Western Galilee were killed when a Palestinian
driver rammed his truck into their jeep in a convoy east of the Netzarim
junction in Gaza.

Apr 9 95 Staff-Sgt. Yuval Regev, 20, of Holon; Staff-Sgt. Meir Scheinwald,
20, of Safed; Sgt. Itai Diener, 19, of Rishon Lezion; Sgt. Zvi Narbat, 19,
of Rishon Lezion; Sgt. Netta Sufrin, 20, of Rishon Lezion; Cpl. Tal Nir, 19,
of Kibbutz Miflasim; Sgt. Avraham Arditi, 19, of Jerusalem; and Alisa
Flatow, 20, of the United States were killed when a bus was hit by an
explosives-laden van near Kfar Darom in the Gaza Strip. The Islamic Jihad
claimed responsibility for the attack.

Jul 18 95 Ohad Bachrach, 18, of Beit El, and Ori Shahor, 20, of Ra'anana,
were killed while hiking in Wadi Kelt.

Jul 24 95 Moshe Shkedi, 75, of Ramat Gan; Rahel Tamari, 65, of Tel Aviv;
Zviya Cohen, 62, of Tel Aviv; Zahava Oren, 60, of Tel Aviv; Nehama Lubowitz,
61, of Tel Aviv; and Mordechai Tovia, 37, of Tel Aviv were killed in a
suicide bomb attack on a bus in Ramat Gan.

Aug 21 95 Rivka Cohen, 26, of Jerusalem; Hannah Naeh, 56, of Jerusalem; Joan
Davenney, 46, of Connecticut; and Police Chief Superintendent Noam Eisenman,
35, of Jerusalem were killed in a suicide bombing of a Jerusalem bus.

Sep 5 95 Daniel Frei, 28, of Ma'aleh Michmash, was stabbed to death when a
terrorist broke into his home at night.

Jan 16 96 Sgt. Yaniv Shimel and Major Oz Tibon, both of Jerusalem, were
killed when terrorists fired on their car on the Hebron-Jerusalem road.

Jan 30 96 Staff Sgt. Ehud Tal, 21, of Kibbutz Maoz Haim, was stabbed to
death at the liaison office in an army camp south of Jenin.

Feb 25 96 In a suicide bombing of bus No. 18 near the Central Bus Station in
Jerusalem, 26 were killed (17 civilians and 9 soldiers).
The civilians:
Daniel Biton, 42; Yitzhak Elbaz, 57, Boris Sharpolinsky, 64; Semion
Trakashvili, 60; Yitzhak Yakhnis, 54; Peretz Gantz, 61; Anatoly and Jana
Kushnirov, 36 and 37; Masuda Amar, 59; Swietlana Gelezniak, 32; Celine
Zaguri, 19 - all of Jerusalem; Navon Shabo, 22, of Bnei Brak; Michael
Yerigin, 16, of Kibbutz Maabarot; Matthew Eisenfeld, 25 and Sara Duker, 23,
of the United States.
Wael Kawasmeh, 23, of East Jerusalem, and Ira Yitzhak Weinstein, 53, of
Maaleh Adumim, later died of their wounds.
The soldiers:
Sgt. Yonatan Barnea, 20; St-Sgt. Gavriel Krauss, 24; St.-Sgt. Gadi Shiloni,
22; Cpl. Moshe Reuven, 19; St.-Sgt. Maj. (res.) Arye Barashi, 39; Cpl. Iliya
Nimotin, 19; Cpl. Merav Nahum, 19; Sgt. Sharon Hanuka, 19; Arik Gaby, 16
(student in pre-army boarding school) - all of Jerusalem.
HAMAS claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 25 96 Sgt. Hofit Ayyash, 20, of Ashdod was killed in an explosion set
off by a suicide bomber at a hitchhiking post oustide Ashkelon. HAMAS
claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 26 96 Flora Yehiel, 28, of Kiryat Ata, was killed when a car was driven
into a bus stop at the French Hill junction in Jerusalem.

Mar 3 96 In a suicide bombing of bus No. 18 on Jaffa Road in Jerusalem, 19
were killed (16 civilians and 3 soldiers).
The civilians:
Maya Birkan, 59; Naima Zargary, 66; Gavriel Shamashvili, 43; Shemtov Sheikh,
63; Anna Shingeloff, 36; Raya Daushvili, 55; George Yonan, 38 - all of
Jerusalem; Sarina Angel, 45, of Beit Jalla; Gidi Taspanish, 23, a tourist
from Ethiopia; Valerian Krasyon, 44, a tourist from Romania; Dominic Lunca,
29; Daniel Patenka, 33; Marian Grefan, 40; Mirze Gifa, 39; Dimitru
Kokarascu, 43 - all Romanian workers.
Imar Ambrose, 51, of Romania, died on March 9.
The soldiers:
Sgt. Yoni Levy, 21, of Jerusalem; Sgt. Haim Amedi, 19, of Jerusalem; Senior
NCO Uzi Cohen, 54, border policeman of Jerusalem.

Mar 4 96 Outside Dizengoff Center in Tel-Aviv, a suicide bomber detonated a
20-kilogram nail bomb, killing 13 (12 civilians and 1 soldier):
Bat-Hen Shahak, 15, of Tel Mond; Hadas Dror, 15, of Tel Mond; Kobi Zaharon,
13, of Tel Aviv; Inbar Atiya, 21, of Ramat-Efal; Dan Tversky, 58, of Tel
Aviv; Dana Gutman, 14, of Moshav Mishmeret; Yovav Levy, 13, of Tel Aviv;
Leah Mizrahi, 60, of Tel Aviv; Tali Gordon, 24, of Givatayim; Rahel Sela,
82, of Tel Aviv; Sylvia Bernstein, 73, of Hod Hasharon; Gail Belkin, 48, of
Herzliya; St.-Sgt. Assaf Wachs, 21, of Holon.

May 14 96 David Baum, 17, a yeshiva high school student in Beit El, was
killed when terrorists fired at students at a hitchhiking post at Beil El,
near Ramallah.

Jun 9 96 Yaron (26) and Efrat (25) Unger, of Kiryat Arba, were killed when
terrorists fired on their car near Beit Shemesh.

Jun 16 96 First-Sgt. Meir Alush, 40, an off-duty policeman, was shot and
killed in a toy store in the village of Bidiya.

Jun 26 96 Staff Sgt. (Res.) Asher Berdugo, 22, of Kiryat Bialik; Sgt. Ashraf
Shibli, 20, of Shibli; and Cpl. (Res.) Ya'acov Turgeman of Rishon Lezion
were killed in an ambush along the Jordan River north of Jericho by
terrorists who infiltrated from Jordan.

Jul 26 96 Uri Munk, 53, and his daughter-in-law, Rachel Munk, 24, of Moshav
Mevo Betar, were killed in a drive-by shooting attack near Beit Shemesh.
30-year-old Ze'ev Munk, Rachel's husband, was critically wounded and died in
the hospital the following week.

Dec 11 96 Etta Tzur, 48, and her son Ephraim, 12, were killed when their car
was shot at by terrorists near Surda, west of Beit El.

Mar 21 97 Michal Avrahami, 32, Yael Gilad, 32, and Anat Winter-Rosen, 32,
were killed when a suicide bomber detonated a bomb on the terrace of a Tel
Aviv cafe. 48 people were wounded.

Apr 10 97 The body of IDF Staff-Sgt. Sharon Edri, missing for seven months,
was found buried near the West Bank village of Kfar Tzurif. Edri had been
kidnapped and murdered by a Hamas terrorist cell in September 1996 while
hitchiking to his home in Moshav Zanoah.

Apr 25 97 Hagit Zavitzky, 23, of Kfar Adumim and Liat Kastiel, 23, of Holon
were found stabbed to death in Wadi Kelt.

Jul 30 97 16 people were killed and 178 wounded in two consecutive suicide
bombings in the Mahane Yehuda market in Jerusalem:
Lev Desyatnik, 60, of Jerusalem; Regina Giber, 76, of Jerusalem; Valentina
Kovalenko, 67, of Jerusalem; Shmuel Malka, 44, of Mevaseret Zion; David
Nasco, 44, of Mevaseret Zion; Muhi A-din Othman, 33, of Abu Ghosh; Simha
Fremd, 92, of Jerusalem; Grisha Paskhovitz, 15, of Jerusalem; Leah Stern,
50, of Jerusalem; Rachel Tejgatrio, 80, of Jerusalem; Liliya Zelezniak, 47,
of Jerusalem; Shalom (Golan) Zevulun, 52, of Jerusalem; Mark Rabinowitz, 80,
of Jerusalem.
Eli Adourian, 49, of Kfar Adumim, died of his wounds on August 11. Ilia
Gazrach, 73, of Pisgat Ze'ev, died on August 29. Baruch Ostrovsky, 84, of
Jerusalem died on October 3.

Sep 4 97 Five people were killed and 181 wounded in three suicide bombings
on the Ben-Yehuda pedestrian mall in Jerusalem.
The victims: Yael Botwin, 14; Sivan Zarka, 14; Smadar Elhanan, 14; Rami
Kozashvili, 20; and Eliahu Markowitz, 40 - all of Jerusalem.

Nov 19 97 Gabriel Hirschberg, 26, was killed by automatic gunfire in the Old
City of Jerusalem.

Jan 6 98 Yael Meivar, 25, died of gunshot wounds sustained in a terrorist
attack on Dec 31, 1997 near the settlement of Alei Zahav in Samaria.

Feb 11 98 David Ktorza, 40, of Jerusalem, was stabbed to death near his
home.

May 6 98 Haim Kerman, 28, was stabbed to death in the Old City of Jerusalem.

Aug 5 98 Harel Bin-Nun, 18, and Shlomo Liebman, 24, were shot and killed in
an ambush by terrorists while on patrol at the Yizhar settlement in Samaria.

Aug 20 98 Rabbi Shlomo Ra'anan, 63, was stabbed to death in the bedroom of
his caravan in Hebron.

Oct 9 98 IDF soldier Michal Adato, 19, was stabbed to death at Moshav Tomer
in the Jordan Valley.

Oct 14 98 Itamar Doron, 24, was shot to death near Moshav Ora, outside
Jerusalem.

Oct 26 98 Danny Vargas, 29, of Kiryat Arba was shot to death in Hebron.

Oct 29 98 Sergeant Alexey Neykov, 19, was killed when a terrorist drove an
explosives-laden car into an Israeli army jeep escorting a bus with 40
elementary school students from the settlement of Kfar Darom in the Gaza
Strip.

Jan 13 99 Sergeant Yehoshua Gavriel, 25, of Ashdod, was killed when
terrorists opened fire at the Othniel junction near Hebron.

Aug 7 99 The body of an Israeli, shot in the head, was found in a burned
vehicle.

Aug 30 99 Yehiel Finfeter, 25, of Kiryat Motzkin, and Sharon Steinmetz, 21,
of Haifa, were murdered whlie hiking in the Megiddo region.

Sept 27, 2000 - Sgt. David Biri, 19, of Jerusalem, was fatally wounded in a
bombing near Netzarim in the Gaza Strip.

Sept 29, 2000 - Border Police Supt. Yossi Tabaja, 27, of Ramle was shot to
death by his Palestinian counterpart on a joint patrol near Kalkilya.

Oct 1, 2000 - Border Police Cpl. Yosef Madhat, 19, of Beit Jann, died of
gunshot wounds sustained in a gun battle with Palestinians at Joseph's Tomb
in Nablus.

Oct 2, 2000 - Wichlav Zalsevsky, 24, of Ashdod, was shot in the head in the
village of Masha on the trans-Samaria highway.
Sgt. Max Hazan, 20, of Dimona, died of gunshot injuries sustained near Beit
Sahur.

Oct 8, 2000 - The bullet-riddled body of Hillel Lieberman, 36, of Elon Moreh
was found at the southern entrance to Nablus.

Oct 12, 2000 - First Cpl. Yosef Avrahami and First Sgt. Vadim Novesche, 33,
two reserve IDF soldiers, were lynched by a Palestinian mob at the police
building in Ramallah.

Oct 19, 2000 - Rabbi Binyamin Herling, 64, of Kedumim, was killed when Fatah
members and Palestinian security forces opened fire on a group of Israeli
men, women, and children on a trip at Mount Ebal near Nablus.

Oct 28, 2000 - The body of Marik Gavrilov, 25, of Bnei Aysh was found inside
his burned-out car, between the village of Bitunia and Ramallah.

Oct 30, 2000 - Eish-Kodesh Gilmor, 25, of Mevo Modi'in, was shot and killed
while on duty as a security guard at the National Insurance Institute's East
Jerusalem branch.
Amos Machlouf, 30, of the Gilo neighborhood in Jerusalem, was found murdered
in a ravine near Beit Jala.

Nov 1, 2000 - Lt. David-Hen Cohen, 21, of Karmiel and Sgt. Shlomo Adshina,
20 of Kibbutz Ze'elim were killed in a shooting incident in the Al-Hader
area, near Bethlehem.
Amir Zohar, 34, of Jerusalem was killed in the Nahal Elisha settlement in
the Jordan Valley while on active reserve duty.

Nov 2, 2000 - Ayelet Shahar Levy, 28, and Hanan Levy, 33, were killed in a
car bomb explosion near the Mahane Yehuda market in Jerusalem. The Islamic
Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 8, 2000 - Noa Dahan, 25, was shot to death while driving to her job at
the Rafah border crossing in Gaza.

Nov 10, 2000 - Sgt. Shahar Vekret, 20, of Lod was fatally shot by a
Palestinian sniper near Rachel's Tomb at the entrance to Bethlehem.

Nov 11, 2000 - Sgt. 1st Class Avner Shalom, 28, of Eilat, was killed in a
shooting attack at the Gush Katif junction in the Gaza Strip.

Nov 13, 2000 - Sarah Leisha, 42, of Neveh Tzuf was killed by gunfire from a
passing car while travelling near Ofra, north of Ramallah.
Cpl. Elad Wallenstein, 18, of Ashkelon, and Cpl. Amit Zanna, 19 of Netanya
were killed by gunfire from a car passing the military bus carrying them
near Ofra.
Gabi Zaghouri, 36, of Netivot was killed by gunfire directed at the truck he
was driving near the Kissufim junction in the southern part of the Gaza
Strip.



Note:
15 IDF soldiers were killed in the Palestinian riots of Sept 26-27, 1996.



0011161500111611/16/00 0:00:0012/30/99 11:23:16EXCERPTS: Israel must withdraw before further negotiations.Palestinians want EU support.UNRWA emergency appeal 16 November 2000XCERPTS: Israel must withdraw before further negotiations.XCERPTS: Israel must withdraw before further negotiations.Palestinians want
EU support.UNRWA emergency appeal 16 November 2000

+++JORDAN TIMES 16 Nov.'00:
"PLO wants guarantees Israel would quit occupied land"

QUOTE FROM TEXT:
"Palestinians want international guarantees that Israel would
withdraw
from most of the West Bank and Gaza Strip before they halt... a
uprisin"

"He said Palestinians were not in favor of an all-out war against
Israel,
but a `war of attrition' that would chip away at Israel's
international
support and weaken its economy."
============================================================================
======

EXCERPTS:
DUBAI, (R) - Palestinians want international guarantees that Israel
would
withdraw from most of the West Bank and Gaza Strip before they halt a
seven-week-old uprising against Israeli rule, a senior PLO official
said on
Wednesday.

But Farouq Kaddoumi, head of the political department of the Palestine
Liberation Organisation, said he envisaged a prolonged "war of
attrition" to
force Israel to honour peace deals it signed with the Palestinians.

"The time for negotiations has passed," ... .

"There must be international protection (for Palestinians) and
international
guarantees for a solution. We would not agree to simply sit down
quietly
without such guarantees," he said.

"We want Israel to get out of at least 90 per cent of our land," he
added.

Kaddoumi, who opposed the 1993 Israeli-Palestinian interim peace deal
reached in Oslo, said Israel was obliged to withdraw from 90 per cent
of the
territories it occupied in the 1967 Middle East war before talks on a
permanent deal began.
. . .
Asked if Palestinian President Yasser Arafat had raised such a demand
with
US President Bill Clinton during his visit last week to Washington,
Kaddoumi said: "He did and that's why the talks were a failure."

. . .
Kaddoumi was speaking as Palestinians marked the 12th anniversary of
Arafat's symbolic declaration of independence while in exile in Algiers
... .
. . .
"We don't want just to declare a Palestinian state. We want to bring
about
this state in reality on the ground. It is not a declaration, it is a
practical
measure on the ground. This is what we want to do," Kaddoumi said.
. . .
Kaddoumi said the uprising, which he said was born out of Palestinian
frustrations over Israel's refusal to honour deals signed with the
Palestinians,
must go on to have an impact.

He said Palestinians were not in favour of an all-out war against
Israel, but a
"war of attrition" that would chip away at Israel's international
support and
weaken its economy.

" ... Israel cannot bear a war of attrition," Kaddoumi said.

+++JORDAN TIMES 1 6 Nov.'00:"Israel faces chorus of Arab anger at

EU aid meeting"

QUOTES FROM TEXT:
" `How can (the European Union) be neutral between an aggressor and
victim"

"France, which holds the EU's rotating presidency, added a working
session
on the violence following demands from Arab states"

"Syria and Lebanon still sxtayed away ... over the presence of
Israeli
Foreign Minister Shlomo Ben-Ami and what they see as the EU's vague

position on the conflict"

"Palestinians wanted EU support for an international protection
force
in the Israeli-occupied territories and support for their economy
threatened with disintregration by the Israeli blockade."
============================================================================
=====

EXCERPTS:
MARSEILLE, France (R) - Israel faced a chorus of Arab anger on
Wednesday at a ministerial meeting of European Union and Mediterranean
states over its use of force against Palestinians... ..

Palestinians insisted that the 15 EU states address the spiralling
violence and
urged a tough response to Israel's military aggression and economic
blockade of their land and people.

"How can (the European Union) be neutral between an aggressor and
victim," Palestinian Planning Minister Nabil Shaath said before the
meeting,
intended to review EU aid to the poorer southern and eastern
Mediterranean
states.
. . .
France, which holds the EU's rotating presidency, added a working
session
on the violence following demands from Arab states for a formal
discussion
of the collapsing Middle East peace process.

But Syria and Lebanon still stayed away from the conference in the
French
port of Marseille over the presence of Israeli Foreign Minister Shlomo
Ben-Ami and what they see as the EU's vague position on the conflict.

"We expected Europe to, at least, issue a condemnation of the Israeli
brutal
actions against the Palestinians," Syrian Foreign Minister Farouq Al
Sharaa
said in Damascus.
. . .
Shaath said Palestinians wanted EU support for an international
protection
force in the Israeli-occupied territories and support for their economy

"threatened with disintegration by the Israeli blockade."
...
French Foreign Minister Hubert Vedrine said the clashes cast a shadow
over the 27-nation "Euromed" group, launched five years ago amid the
optimism surrounding the 1993 Oslo accord ... .

The group aimed to foster security and prosperity in the volatile
Mediterranean basin, and by extension curb illegal immigration to
affluent
Western Europe.

"Events since Sept. 28 have brought disappointment, worry and anguish,"

Vedrine said in an opening speech.

"Patient work ... has been brutally changed into the language of hate
and acts
of calculated or desperate violence."

Even before the violence three-quarters of the EU aid package of 3.4
billion
euros ($2.9 billion) to Mediterranean states in 1995-1999 had remained
unspent, frustrated by EU regulation and reticence among potential
beneficiaries to make the market-oriented reforms associated with the
funding.

But Vedrine announced that the EU was pressing ahead with a new aid
package worth 5.35 billion euros ($4.6 billion), covering 2000-2006.
. . .
The Euromed forum groups the EU with Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon,
Israel, the Palestinian Authority, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey,
Cyprus
and Malta. Mauritania and Libya have guest status.

+++JORDAN TIMES 16 Nov.'00:
" UNRWA initiates emergency appeal for $39 million from donor
nations
to deal with Palestinian crisis" By Alia Shukri Hamzeh"

QUOTES FROM TEXT:
"the economic situation in the refugee camps and bordering villages
is
worsening ... ... many families have started to tap into their
limited
savings."

"unemployment rates have soared from 11 per cent before the Al-Aqsa
Intifada to around 40 per cent "

"More than 10 donor countries have responded to UNRWA's October
appeal requesting $4.8 million in assistance to Palestinians by
pledging
$1.9 million."
============================================================================
=======.

EXCERPTS:
AMMAN - In response to the urgent needs of Palestinians under siege by
Israel in the West Bank and Gaza, UNRWA has launched an "emergency
appeal" to donor nations requesting $39 million to provide Palestinian
refugees with badly needed medical care, food and cash assistance.

"UNRWA has sent the appeal to all donor countries ...," said
Maher Nasser, UNRWA's liaison officer in Amman on Wednesday.

He told reporters that the amount asked was a mere "drop in the ocean"
of
needs and losses the Palestinians have encountered during their
struggle with
Israeli forces over the past six weeks.

The appeal - the second in 36 days - comes as part of a three-month
humanitarian assistance contingency plan to help the agency meet
Palestinians' urgent needs resulting from six weeks of clashes with
Israeli
armed forces which have led to the death of over 200 Palestinians and
left
more than 10,000 injured.
. . .
Nasser said the amount would help UNRWA provide emergency health
services and treat the injured as well as provide relief operations
including
the distribution of food and other essential commodities.
. . .
Nasser said the economic situation in the refugee camps and bordering
villages is worsening . . . many families have started to tap into
their
somewhat limited savings.

He said unemployment rates have soared from 11 per cent before the Al
Aqsa Intifada to around 40 per cent today, adding that in Gaza alone an

estimated 24,000 workers have lost their jobs in Israel, while in the
West
Bank and East Jerusalem, another 100,000 Palestinians may have lost
their
jobs.
. . .
He said the contingency plan envisages providing Gaza with basic food
commodities and blankets for the approaching winter.
. . .
Other forms of support include helping rebuild Palestinian homes that
were
damaged by Israeli missiles and gunfire, finding alternative jobs for
the large
number of unemployed, providing financial assistance and buying new
ambulances for Gaza.
. . .
More than 10 donor countries had responded to UNRWA's October
appeal requesting $4.8 million in assistance to Palestinians by
pledging $1.9
million. The quick response, an agency statement said, enabled UNRWA to

keep its health centres open round-the-clock during the recent clashes.

Other countries failed to respond to the appeal.

Dr. Joseph Lerner, Co-Director IMRA
www.imra.org.il


0011161700111611/16/00 0:00:0012/30/99 11:48:18Ha'aretz: Israeli Arabs hurl stones at police car in Arabeh Ha'aretz: Israeli Arabs hurl stones at police car in Arabeh

By Jalal Bana, Ha'aretz Correspondent Ha'aretz 16 (Bulletin) November 2000

Masked men attacked a police car near Arabeh junction in the Galilee on Thursday night, damaging the car.Ha'aretz: Israeli Arabs hurl stones at police car in Arabeh

By Jalal Bana, Ha'aretz Correspondent Ha'aretz 16 (Bulletin) November 2000

Masked men attacked a police car near Arabeh junction in the Galilee on Thursday night, damaging the car. The policemen fired tear gas at the attackers and ran over one of the men, lightly injuring him.

Arabeh residents claimed that the police car repeatedly passed by the place in which a monument is to be erected to commemorate two of the village's residents killed by the police in October. The building of the monument was announced Friday and youths have gathered at the site every evening since then.

Earlier Thursday, stones were thrown at vehicles passing the junction and causing damage to three cars. Stones were also hurled at a police car in Nazareth, no injuries reported.


0011161800111611/16/00 0:00:0012/30/99 11:49:17Ha'aretz: Mohammed Dahlan's (head of PA preventive security in Gaza) men suspected of attempted kidnap of IDF soldiers- Ha'aretz: Mohammed Dahlan's (head of PA preventive security in Gaza) men
suspected of attempted kidnap of IDF soldiers

By Amos Harel, Ha'aretz Correspondent Ha'aretz Bulletin 16 November 2000

The security establishment has received information of increasing
involvement by Palestinian Authority security staff in attacks against
Israelis.Ha'aretz: Mohammed Dahlan's (head of PA preventive security in Gaza) men
suspected of attempted kidnap of IDF soldiers

By Amos Harel, Ha'aretz Correspondent Ha'aretz Bulletin 16 November 2000

The security establishment has received information of increasing
involvement by Palestinian Authority security staff in attacks against
Israelis. Three of the Fatah men arrested in Samaria last Tuesday were
employed by the PA security mechanisms.

Israeli security officials say that more PA security staff would be arrested
in Area B, which is under Israeli security control, should they be suspected
of being involved in terrorist attacks against Israel.

Security officials added that the shooting incident Monday in which truck
driver Gabi Zagouri was killed was probably carried out by PA security
staff. The IDF and the Shin Bet have information which shows that members of
the preventive security in Gaza, headed by Mohammed Dahlan, were involved in
a series of attacks on Israelis in Gush Katif and Netzarim.

At the start of this week, an IDF officer and two soldiers mistakenly
entered Palestinian Authority territory near Khan Yunis. The soldiers were
stopped at the Palestinian road block and were detained for a few minutes
and later released to Israel. Now it is known that shortly after the three
were handed to the IDF, a group of Dahlan's men arrived at the road block to
take the soldiers to the Palestinian headquarters in the area. The IDF
suspects that Dahlan's men intended to kidnap the soldiers.

Israeli Security officials say that security coordination with the PA is
almost completely paralyzed and that PA security staff would not risk
arresting terror suspects.

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