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Monday, November 19, 2012
[With English video] Home Front Command Emergency Situation Preparation Guide

[For video
http://youtu.be/iiKipcrUXpg ]

Be Prepared…Just in Case
Home Front Command
Emergency Situation Preparation Guide

Why is it Important to Get Ready for Emergency Situations?

Past experience in Israel and across the world demonstrates that dangers and
emergency situations might occur without any time for advance preparation.
However, people who did prepare, knew how to contend with emergency
situations, managed to operate collectively and rescued themselves and their
family members.

The challenges we confront are familiar to us all

We have the power to contend with them!

The Home Front Command in collaboration with all the emergency and rescue
organizations, government ministries, municipal authorities and hundreds of
volunteer organizations operating in the rear are prepared to render
assistance during an emergency.

Nevertheless your advance preparation and those of your family together with
proper action in an emergency situation, volunteering, assistance and mutual
responsibility, hold the key to our ability to remain steadfast over the
long haul!

Advance Preparation Saves Lives!

Below are a number of simple actions that you can already take today:
1. Know how long it takes you to enter the secure space when the alarm is
sounded, in the region you are staying
2. Choose the secure space according to the time frame at your disposal
3. Prepare the secure space
4. Be familiar with the self protection directives for the various emergency
5. Prepare a family emergency plan
6. Get ready to care for the elderly and people with special needs

How Does One Select a Secure Space?
We will select the secure space according to the time available to us from
the moment the alarm is sounded, according to the following order of
• The MAMAD - residential secure space (the responsibility of the apartment’s
dwellers) or a MAMAK story-wide, these are the preferable choices for a
secure space
• A shelter in an apartment building provided that the shelter is internal
and provided that one can reach it through an internal stairwell without
time constraints, because the wrap of the stairwell protects us. This is
under the responsibility of the building’s tenants or the House Committee
• A public shelter provided one can reach it in the required time from the
moment that the alarm is sounded, according to a map of civil defense areas
and the times of the alarm. This is under the responsibility of the local

For someone who has no residential secure space, a story - wide secure space
or an available shelter:
• Residents of the top floor in a building of over 3 floors without a
protected space, shelter, or reinforced security room should descend two
floors down
• Residents of the top floor in a building of 3 floors without a protected
space, shelter, or reinforced security room should descend one floor down
• The tenants of the other floors-one should choose a secure internal room
with a minimum of external walls and open windows

One should not select a kitchen, a bathroom or a shower given the
apprehension that the tiling, mirrors or glass might shatter as a result of
a blast shockwave

What Equipment Is Recommended?

After we've chosen the secure space according to the time frame we have, we
will stock it with the equipment specified in the attached list:
Water in closed bottles - One should prepare 3 liters, 1 per person a day
A cell phone, a charger and a spare battery
First Aid Kit
Things that will help the time pass pleasantly and will make the stay more
agreeable such as: Games, newspapers, books
A list of telephones for emergency organizations, family members and
Food in sealed packages, such as canned food or snacks
Emergency lighting or a flashlight with batteries
Communication devices that will help us keep updated (computer, television,
A Fire extinguisher
Sealing equipment
Nylon polyethylene sheets of at least 100 µ in thickness and broad
transparent sticking tape at least 30 microns thick and 50 mm wide that will
suffice to seal the openings of the room
A personal equipment bag in the event that evacuation is necessary at the
time of an incident. This means all the equipment that is considered vital
in case of evacuation from the house for a couple of days (for example,
drugs, cash, a tent, matches, candles, multipurpose knife, special food for
babies, equipment for people with special needs etc.)

One should perform constant maintenance on the residential secure space and
the shelter according to the directives published on the website of the Home
Front Command at the following address:

6 A Map of Civil Defense Regions

The Home Front Command has innovative alarm systems which at times of
emergency will provide varying alarm times for every region in the country
(as specified on the map).
”Alarm time” is the time we have for entering a secure space from the moment
the missile is launched and until hits. The alarm will be operated via alert
systems solely in a region in which a danger of missiles or rockets striking
The alarm and the directives of Home Front Command will be provided also via
the radio and television.
In the map of the civil defense regions one can see the duration of the
alarm time that is provided to residents of the various regions in Israel

for the map

The National Civil Defense Map by Regions
Immediate entry into a secure space
30 seconds
1 min.
A min. and a half
2 min.
3 min.

A Map of Civil Defense Regions for the Gaza Perimeter Communities
15 seconds
30 seconds
45 seconds
60 seconds
One can receive a detailed list of communities in each region at the Home
Front Command Information Center:
1207 from every phone

How does one protect oneself in a case when conventional missiles are

When one hears an alarm or an explosion, one should enter the secure space,
according to the time we have. These are the civil defense guidelines when
the alarm is sounded:
• Someone who is staying in a building: You should enter the secure space
that was selected in advance and in the allotted time frame, and close doors
and windows
• Someone who was staying outside: You should enter the nearest building in
the time frame at one’s disposal. If there is no building nearby, you should
lie on the ground and protect the head with your hands
• Someone who is in a vehicle: You should stop at the side of the road, get
out of the vehicle and enter the nearest shelter or building and if one
doesn’t reach a building or shelter in the allotted time, one should exit
the vehicle, lie on the ground and protect the head via one’s hands and if
it’s not possible to leave the car one should stop at the side of the road
and wait for 10 min
One should listen to guidelines from the communications media.
One should wait 10 min. and only then emerge from the secure space, unless
another guideline from the Home Front Command was provided in the
communications media.

Pay attention:
It's important to get away from unidentified objects, a rocket or missile
lying on the ground, in such a case one should move away curious onlookers
and contact the police.

And what does one do in a case in which missiles with chemical warheads
are fired?

In the case of non-conventional threats the Home Front Command will update
the public with appropriate guidelines for sealing the room and with
for use of the protective kits.
Of this sort when the alarm is sounded or an explosion is heard one should
operate according to the following
• Someone who was staying in the building: You should immediately enter the
sealed room, complete the sealing of the room and put on the protective kits
• Someone who was staying outside: You should immediately enter the nearest
building and put on the protective kits. If there is no building in the
vicinity or if you are in an open area, you should put on the protective
kits, lie on the ground and protect your head with your hands
• Someone sitting in a vehicle: You should stop at the side of the road,
turn off the engine, close the windows, doors and ventilation hatches and
put on the emergency protective kits
One may exit the sealed room only after an explicit instruction by the Home
Front before media.

Preparing a Family Emergency Plan
Coping successfully with emergency situations is contingent on advance
preparation and groundwork
Preparation within a family framework is very important and it is
recommended that most of the action would be performed in this framework.
The first step is to prepare a family emergency plan.
The preparation of a family emergency plan starts by verifying potential
dangers and identifying hazardous areas in the home, the school and the
and concludes with an action plan that includes: Family role assignments,
the purchase of vital equipment and a family talk.
Building a family emergency plan yields positive results:
• An intensifying of the feeling that we are capable of contending and
controlling an emergency situation
• Recognizing the threat and understanding its implications on us
• Assigning roles improves the way a family can function in an emergency
• Decision taking in real time is more efficient, when one makes advance
• Diminishes denial when an emergency situation approaches

A family emergency plan can transform all members of the household,
including the children, into an active factor in family preparation for an
emergency situation. The more we assign family members clear roles and
practice them, they will function and cope better with the emergency
situation. It's important to talk with the neighbors about these situations
and determine ways of action, collaboration and mutual assistance.

The way of preparing a family emergency plan
1. It’s important that all family members, including the children, will be
familiar with the civil defense guidelines in the various emergency
situations and know how to behave and where to enter or exit even when they’re
not at home or when they are on their own. Talk with family members about
preparations for the various threats.
2. Ascertain what is the period of time you have to get to a secure space
within the sound of the alarm, according to the map of civil defense regions
3. Choose the secure space that you’ll enter at the time of an alarm in
conjunction with the children and family members and explain the logic
behind the choice (why this is the most secure space at home and why it’s
important to enter it during an emergency)
4. If the secure space is a joint shelter or a secure residential space,
involve the neighbors as well in the preparations
5. Define the assignment of roles between the family members and plan
preparations according to your family’s unique characteristic and needs
6. Equip yourself with items that will enable you to cope better
7. Prepare a list of telephones of the Israel police, ”Magen David Adom”,
firefighters, Home Front Command. Write the phone numbers and cell phone
numbers at your place of occupation, and this way your children and other
family members will know who to turn to when needed
8. Talk with family members about preparation for emergencies. The parent
will conduct the discussion. It’s very important to involve the children in
the family discussion

It is recommended that you prepare in advance for the discussion:
• Think about the topics that you will discuss
• Set aside an appropriate time for the discussion and select a place that
is comfortable for everybody
• Talk about the various emergency situations and methods of self
• Note that in the course of the Second Lebanon war and the confrontation
in the Gaza Perimeter communities civilian lives were saved because they
obeyed the guidelines
• Allow the children to voice their feelings
• Show your children the guidance videos for children that appear on the

Front Command website at the address: www.oref.org.il

Preparation for people with special needs

This information is directed to people with special needs and its objective
is to assist people with handicaps and their family members - caregivers,
friends, neighbors, acquaintances and professionals - to prepare properly
and act
according to required rules of behavior under various emergency situations.

Preparing the secure space
Prepare the secure space in advance and the way to it in a manner that will
conform to the needs and capabilities of the handicapped person. Ascertain
that all the vital instruments and objects for the use of the handicapped
person and the other people with him (such as a television, telephone, fax,
computer, tape and cassettes, glasses, contact lenses, ambulatory devices,
drugs, guide cane and the like) will be within hands reach and equip
yourself with spare batteries. It’s recommended to organize a fixed sleeping
accommodation adjusted for the handicapped person in the secure space.

Most important!
Check what timeframe is required for the handicapped person to get to the
secure space.
If he needs more than the allotted timeframe in the region in which he is
residing in order to reach the secure space, find a different secure space
that is closer.

For those suffering from medical problems
Make sure to equip yourself in advance with medical documents signed by the
treating physician that note: Health condition, list of drugs and required
dosage, a list of routine examinations that you must undergo and an
additional prescription.
Make sure to list drugs that you must not use.
Ascertain that you have a sufficient supply of drugs for the entire
emergency period.
If you are house ridden ascertain in advance that your name appears in the
list of the health offices, welfare offices and the sick funds.

People with hearing disabilities
• People who are hard of hearing are entitled to a special beeper for
receiving an alarm and guidelines in an emergency
• Those entitled to a special beeper - Persons who are 12 years and older
whose hearing has declined by at least 50 dB. Details are available in the
welfare ministry
• It’s recommended that a liaison person and a translator stay with you in
the secure space
• Equip the secure space that you’ve chosen with unique help accessories
that you require, such as: Hearing aids, cleaning devices and spare
batteries, a TV set with an amplification system (if such exists) a power
supply for the amplification system, a fax machine, additional paper and
ink, a portable telephone for the dispatch and receipt of SMS notifications
a charger, a beeper and batteries, a computer with a connection to the
Internet (if one is used to employing it), an electric outlet splitter,
writing equipment and a
notebook, an identification tag where important messages are written (for
example: ”I can only lip-read”) as well as alarm systems that are at your
disposal (for example: baby’s crying detector, telephone ringing alarm, fax,
alarm, amplifier or blinking lights when the door is knocked or rung,
distress button, whistle or bell to summon assistance)

People with vision disabilities and blind persons
One should organize in advance the secure space and the path to it for
maximal accessibility and comfort. One should clear away all the objects
that are likely to hinder movement.

People who are assisted by guide dogs:
• Every blind person must have on his possession a personal ID card that
includes: name and surname, ID number, sick fund and treating physician,
name of a personal caregiver, list of drugs used, blood type, special needs,
sensitivities, medical emphases, telephone numbers of family members and
• One should prepare in the secure space that was chosen equipment for the
dog. One should prepare an emergency kit for the dog for at least 7 days. It’s
desirable to include also the preferred toy, a walking leash and a mouth
guard, a folding bowl for food and water and other equipment. Include a
photograph of an up-to-date vaccination booklet for the dog as well as a
license in force. One should keep a picture of the dog.

People with motor disabilities
• Organize in advance the secure space and the path to it. For maximal
accessibility and comfort clear away all objects that can hinder movement.
If you use a wheelchair or a motorized cart, Make sure you have spare
batteries available
• Be prepared for the possibility of a puncture in the tire. Prepare a
puncture repair kit and for refilling air as needed, alternatively prepare
additional inner tubes and a pump
• Equip yourself with a pair of heavy gloves for turning the wheels on
rough paths
• Store the emergency kit in a package that can be attached to the
wheelchair, the walker the cart and the like

It is important to create a calm atmosphere in the secure space
People with mental disabilities
• The infirmaries and rehabilitation units in the community are prepared
to provide routine and emergency responses on your behalf
• On every question consult with your regular support person or caregiver
• Have a sufficient stock of drugs on hand for the entire emergency,
together with a prescription and documents detailing your treatment regimen

People who are intellectually and developmentally challenged and autistic
• It is desirable to train the handicapped person in activities required
for entering and staying in a secure space and the behavior required during
an emergency
• It’s important that the caregiver prepares an emergency plan in the event
of a prolonged stay in the secure space while giving consideration to the
nature of the disability and the needs of the handicapped person
• One should prepare in advance drugs, requisite aids and personal
• One should prepare changes of clothing, personal hygiene products and the
• It’s important to create in the secure space a calm atmosphere and assure
enjoyable and soothing activity
• Further recommendations:
• It’s recommended to approach the relevant organization, the professional
framework that you are connected with or to the municipal crisis center to
guarantee in advance that there will be someone to assist you when needed
• Equip yourself in advance with telephone and fax numbers, e-mail
addresses and communities

Preparations for the elderly

The elderly require assistance while considering the characteristics of the
threat and their special needs. They have experience and can assist
themselves and those staying in their vicinity. There are independent
elderly who are capable of performing more actions as compared to others who
are limited in their activity and their comprehension of the situation
,therefore one must act according to the principles provided below
considering the capabilities and limitations of the elderly person.

General principles in providing assistance to the elderly:
• Having the elderly person perform activities by himself is important in
instilling a sense that he is in control of the situation. One should
explain to the elderly person the actions that he must take so he can
perform things by himself (to the extent possible) as well as using him to
assist elderly people with lower capabilities than his own
• It is recommended that one uses examples familiar to the elderly person
and focus on clear and simple modes of action
• One should make preparations in terms of the unique needs of the elderly
person such as: drugs, a spare pair of glasses, batteries for auxiliary
devices and the like
• As part of the family emergency plan one should integrate in the order of
activities that you are performing a response to the needs of the elderly
person as well (for example: call up and update him on the situation,
ascertain that he has performed the self protection activities, check on his
welfare and so on)
• One should prepare a personal emergency card for every elderly person,
and he will wear this during an emergency. The card includes: name and
surname, ID number, sick funds and treating physician, name of the personal
care giver and a list of drugs in use, blood type, special needs,
sensitivities, medical emphases, telephones of family members and relatives.
• One should train the elderly person on how he should act and protect
himself in case of an alarm and a prolonged stay in the secure space

What about the kids?

In the event of missiles fired towards the State of Israel we will have to
enter the secure space in order to protect ourselves against shockwaves and
shrapnel. While your parents are busy getting things organized and tidy, you
can help as well.

The division of assignments
Every family has special needs and matters that typify it alone, help mom
and dad and jot down, what is the assignment of every family member in an

Family member
Roles during an emergency
I myself
Don't forget!
There are things that have to be in every secure space (pages 4-5).
What else would you like to have with you in an emergency?
Emergency Phone Numbers

An emergency situation might occur when not all members of the family are at
home together.
Fill in the attached table and place it in a prominent place that the entire
family is aware of.

Home Front Command 1207 www.oref.org.il
Police 100 www.police.gov.il
Magen David Adom 101 www.mdais.org
Firefighter Brigade 102 www.102.co.il
Israel Electric Company 103 www.israel-electric.co.il
Environmental Protection 08-9253321 www.sviva.gov.il
Local Authority call center 108/107/106
Father’s number at work
Mother’s number at work
Brother Sister Grandfather
Grandmother Friend
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With you in both routine and emergency,
the Home Front Command

You can find more information at any time in the Home Front Command
information center:
www.oref.org.il 1207

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