Translation of President Morsi's latest constitutional decree
Ahram Online publishes an unofficial translation of President Mohamed
Morsi's newest constitutional declaration, meant to calm current protests
Ahram Online , Sunday 9 Dec 2012
After more than 10 hours of meetings on Saturday, the national dialogue
between Egyptís presidency and a number of political and legal figures ended
with the announcement of a new constitutional declaration that revokes the
controversial constitutional declaration issued on 22 November. Major
opposition forces boycotted the national dialogue meeting.
The new declaration, which has not been met with applause by the opposition,
did not postpone the constitutional referendum, as the opposition demanded.
The new declaration keeps the plebiscite date as is (15 December), which
will either approve or decline a constitution drafted by the
Islamist-dominated Constituent Assembly.
The new declaration also puts the 22 November declaration and all previous
declarations out of the reach of any legal procedures against it, as well as
any laws passed on the authority of those declarations. These include the
sacking and replacement of the prosecutor-general from his post as well as
directives to the judiciary to retry cases against those accused of killing
protesters during the uprising on 25 January, 2011 and up until Morsi was
announced the winner of presidential elections on 30 June, 2012.
"The declaration is not intended to protect the presidentís decisions
against legal appeals, but rather to protect the constitutional
declarations. This is an act of sovereignty granted to the president," said
Selim El-Awa, an Islamist and legal expert who read the declaration at a
press conference on Saturday night after the national dialogue meeting.
Ahram Online gives you their unofficial translation of President Mohamed
Morsi's newest constitutional declaration issued Saturday 11 December 2012:
1- The constitutional declaration issued on 22 November 2012 is void
starting from today [9 December 2012] and all its consequences remain in
2- If new evidence arises, new investigations will be conducted into the
killing, attempted killing, injury or terrorising of citizens between 25
January 2011 and 30 June 2012 if these crimes were related to the
If the investigations find new evidence related to the above-mentioned
crimes, the general prosecution is to refer the case to court of legal
jurisdiction, even if there is a final acquittal in the case or if the court
rejected the prosecution-general's appeal on the acquittal.
3- If the people vote against the draft constitution in the referendum on
Saturday, 15 December 2012, the president is to call for the direct election
of a new Constituent Assembly of 100 members within three months.
The new Assembly is to finish its task within six months from its election
date. The president is to then call for a referendum on the new draft
presented by the Assembly within thirty days of receiving it.
In all cases, vote counting and the announcement of results in the
constitutional referendum is to take place publicly in election
subcommittees as soon as the voting process is finished. The results are to
be validated by the head of the subcommittee.
4- All constitutional declarations, including the current one, are immune
from any challenge in any court and all related lawsuits are considered
5- This constitutional declaration is to be published in the Official
Newspaper and is valid from the day it is issued.