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Monday, January 14, 2013
Background: Source for news item that Iran has monitoring stations on the Golan

Background: Source for news item that Iran has monitoring stations on the
Golan
Dr. Aaron Lerner - IMRA 14 January 2013

The source of the news that there is an American report that Iran has
monitoring stations on the Golan is actually a Jane's Defence Weekly report
from July 13, 2006 that was based on unnamed "diplomatic sources".

Here is the path:

Last report: December 12 2012 report by Federal Research Division, Library
of Congress.
That report based on December 2011 report by U K Defence Forum
That report based on July 13, 2006 report in Jane's Defence Weekly

Here are the relevant excerpts:

#1 First report

Iran and Syria advance SIGINT co-operation, MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA
http://articles.janes.com/articles/Janes-Defence-Weekly-2006/Iran-and-Syria-advance-SIGINT-co-operation.html
Following the signature and ratification of a joint strategic defence
co-operation accord in November 2005, Syria and Iran have moved to
consolidate their collaborative strategic signals intelligence (SIGINT)
capabilities in the region.

As part of this strategic co-operation, diplomatic sources told Jane's, two
joint Iranian-Syrian SIGINT stations have been established in the Al-Jazirah
region in northern Syria and on the Golan Heights and have been operating
since early June.

The complete article appears in the following publication:
Publication Title Jane's Defence Weekly
Publication date Jul 13, 2006

#2 Second report

RS 84C Iran insights - Iran’s intelligence and security apparatus
By Oliver Jones, Research Associate, U K Defence Forum
http://www.ukdf.org.uk/assets/downloads/RS84CIraninsights-Iran’sintelligenceandsecurityapparatusx.pdf
....

Iranian intelligence activities and capabilities
Technical intelligence

Despite financial and technological constraints Iran appears to be
developing signals intelligence (SIGINT) capabilities. In 2006 Jane’s
reported that two joint Iranian-Syrian SIGINT stations had been operating in
the Al-Jazirah region in northern Syria and on the Golan Heights. It was
also estimated that two additional SIGINT stations were expected to be
operating in northern Syria by January 2007 14. Iran’s SIGINT stations are
reportedly funded by the IRGC and are believed to be an attempt to develop
intelligence capabilities throughout the Mediterranean and Middle East.
However, Iranian capabilities are still limited with little scope for
high-level strategic SIGINT gathering from these sites. According to the
Israeli press, the intelligence posts appear to be primarily focused upon
providing support to Hezbollah forces in Lebanon15. Other technical
collection capabilities are also limited to small military operations, with
only a few specialised reconnaissance aircraft available.

14. Jane's Defence Weekly. “Iran and Syria advance SIGINT co-operation”.
(IHS Janes,
2006). Accessed Online
http://articles.janes.com/articles/Janes-Defence-Weekly-2006/Iran-and-Syria-advance-SIGINT-co-operation.html
04/05/11

15. Schiff, Ze'ev “Hezbollah received intel from Russian-Syrian listening
post during war” Haaretz.com 2006 Accessed
http://www.haaretz.com/print-edition/news/hezbollah-
received-intel-from-russian-syrian-listening-post-during-war-1.200408
04/05/11

#3 Most recent report

Iran's Ministry of Intelligence and Security: A profile
A Report Prepared by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress
under an Interagency Agreement with the Combating Terrorism Technical
Support Office’s Irregular Warfare Support Program

December 2012
Federal Research Division Library of Congress Washington, D.C. 20540 4840
Tel: 202 707 3900
Fax: 202 707 3920
E-Mail: frds@loc.gov
Homepage: http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/

...Iran appears to be trying to expand its intelligence capabilities in the
Middle East and the Mediterranean. For instance, Iran seems to have
developed a signals intelligence (SIGINT) capability. Two Iranian-Syrian
SIGINT stations funded by the IRGC reportedly have been active since 2006,
one in the al-Jazirah region in northern Syria and the other on the Golan
Heights. Iranians reportedly planned to create two additional SIGINT
stations in northern Syria, which were expected to be in operation by
January 2007, but no information indicates that they are currently
operating. The technology at the two established SIGNIT stations indicates
that Iran’s capabilities are still limited, with little scope for high-level
strategic intelligence gathering. The intelligence stations appear to
concentrate on supplying information to Lebanese Hezbollah.74

74 Jones, “Iran Insights - Iran’s Intelligence and Security Apparatus,” 7.

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