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Tuesday, November 14, 2000
Most important Palestinian Poll Since Oslo - Complete results of poll: Birzeit University Development Studies Programme - The Palestinian Intifada and the

Birzeit University Development Studies Programme - The Palestinian Intifada
and the Peace Process 6-8 November 2000

Time & Date of publication: Evening, 13 November 2000
Date of field research: 6-8 November 2000
Sample size: 1,234 Palestinians in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
Number of field researchers: 55 male and female researchers
Number of sample locations: 75 locations
Percentage of error: (+ or - 3%)
Development Studies Programme Telephone: 972-2-2959250 Fax: 2958117
e-mail: dsp@palnet.Most important Palestinian Poll Since Oslo - Complete results of poll:
Birzeit University Development Studies Programme - The Palestinian Intifada
and the Peace Process 6-8 November 2000

Time & Date of publication: Evening, 13 November 2000
Date of field research: 6-8 November 2000
Sample size: 1,234 Palestinians in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
Number of field researchers: 55 male and female researchers
Number of sample locations: 75 locations
Percentage of error: (+ or - 3%)
Development Studies Programme Telephone: 972-2-2959250 Fax: 2958117
e-mail: dsp@palnet.com - www.birzeit.edu/dsp/

Survey # 2: The Palestinian Intifada and the Peace Process - Detailed
Results

(Figures are in %)

Section 1: Impact of Israeli siege

1. Do you feel that the Israeli violence has had an adverse
psychological impact on the children in your family?
Yes 84.9 No 8.7 Not sure 0.4 Not applicable 6.0

2. Has the latest conflict prevented you from visiting members of
your family in other Palestinian areas?
Yes 73.9 No 25.8 Not sure 0.3

3. Has the latest conflict caused a loss of employment to any of the
members of your family?
Yes 68.9 No 27.7 Not sure 0.2 Not applicable 3.2

4. Has the violence lead to a decline in your family's economic
living standards?
Yes 85.9 No 13.2 Not sure 0.9

5. Has the violence prevented any of the members of your family from
reaching her/his workplace?
Yes 77.0 No 19.5 Not sure 0.4 Not applicable 3.0

Section 2: Evaluation of institutions

1. What is your opinion of the latest Arab Summit held in Cairo
(21-10-2000)?
Positive 4.3 fair 23.1 negative 67.5 not sure 5.1

2. How would you evaluate the role of Arab nations during the current
Intifada?
Positive 57.2 fair 23.1 negative 18.1 not sure 1.7

3. How would you evaluate the role of the PNA in managing the
political process during the current Intifada?
Positive 31.2 fair 36.3 negative 27.1 not sure 5.4

4. In general, how would you evaluate the role of the Palestinian
Ministries during the Intifada?
Positive 27.4 fair 28.6 negative 30.5 not sure 13.4

5. In general, how would you evaluate the role of the Palestinian
security agencies during the Intifada?
Positive 46.8 fair 26.1 negative 19.9 not sure 7.3

6. In general, how would you evaluate the role of Palestinian
political groups during the Intifada?
Positive 58.9 fair 23.2 negative 10.5 not sure 7.4

7. In general, how would you evaluate the role of Palestinian NGOs
during the Intifada?
Positive 41.7 fair 20.4 negative 22.3 not sure 15.7

8. In general, how would you evaluate the role of the Palestinian
Media during the Intifada?
Positive 80.3 fair 11.6 negative 5.9 not sure 2.3

Section Three: The Role of the Palestinian Leadership

1. Do you think that the Palestinian leadership should declare a
Palestinian state despite Israeli and American opposition?
Yes 70.9 no 24.2 no opinion 5.0

2. Do you think that the Palestinian leadership should declare a
state even if that declaration would lead to a military confrontation
with Israel?
Yes 68.5 no 26.3 no opinion 5.2

3. Do you believe that the Palestinian leadership (with its various
institutions) is capable of leading Palestinians into a better
situation than the current one?
Yes 56.9 no 29.3 not sure 13.8

4. Do you think that the Palestinian leadership respects the opinions
of the Palestinian public?
Yes 51.9 no 36.7 not sure 11.4

5. Do think that the Palestinian Leadership accurately informs the
public about political developments?
Yes 28.5 no 58.9 not sure 12.6

6. What is your opinion of President Yassir Arafat's performance
during the Intifada period?
Positive 45.8 fair 32.7 negative 17.8 not sure 3.7

Section 4: The Peace process

1. Do you believe that peace is possible between Palestinians and
Israelis if East Jerusalem is not the capital of a Palestinian state?
Yes 5.6 no 92.0 not sure 2.3

2. If East Jerusalem comes under Palestinian sovereignty, will you
accept Israeli sovereignty over West Jerusalem?
Yes 21.1 no 74.3 not sure 4.6

3. Do you believe that peace is possible between Palestinians and
Israelis if Israel does not recognize the right of Palestinian
refugees to return?
Yes 4.9 no 91.5 not sure 3.5

4. Do you think that there is a real chance that all refugees will
return from abroad ?
Yes 44.4 no 44.5 not sure 11.2

5. Do you think that the peace process that started in 1993 will lead
to a sovereign Palestinian state?
Yes 33.7 no 50.8 not sure 15.5

6. Have your living conditions improved or deteriorated since the
start of the peace process in 1993?
Improve 14.3 deteriorate 45.0 no change 40.8

7. Do you think that the Oslo Accords and the subsequent agreements
have lead to positive changes that benefit Palestinians?
Yes 16.5 fair 24.2 no 54.9 not sure 4.3

8. Do you think that there is a chance for peaceful coexistence
between Palestinians and Israelis?
Yes 32.6 no 60.2 not sure 7.2

9. Do you support or oppose the continuation of the peace process
between Palestinians and Israelis on the basis of the UN resolutions
(including 242 and 33 ?
I support 57.8 I oppose 34.8 not sure 7.4

10. If negotiations continue, who should guide and watch over them?
USA 3.2 UN 38.9 Others 39.9 not sure 18.0

11. Do you think Ehud Barak is a leader the Palestinian leadership
can negotiate with?
Yes 8.8 no 84.9 not sure 6.3

12. Do you support or oppose military attacks against American
targets in the region?
Support 72.9 oppose 21.7 not sure 5.4

13. In the case of establishing an independent Palestinian State,
would you view a friendship between a Palestinian and an Israeli
positively?
Yes 30.7 no 64.8 not sure 4.5

Section Five: The current Intifada

1. Do you support the continuation of the current Intifada?
Yes 75.1 no 20.6 not sure 4.3

2. What means should the intifada adopt if it is to be successful?
Peaceful means 24.2 military means 32.2 a combination 38.9
not sure 4.8

3. Do you support or oppose the participation of children (under 18
in the confrontations?
Support 23.5 oppose 74.1 not sure 2.3

4. In your opinion, what is the ultimate goal of the current
Intifada?
10.1 reinforce the position of Palestinian negotiators
68.3 liberation an independent state
16.3 there is no clear goals
5.3 others ( specify -------------------------- )

5. In general, do you think that the current Intifada will contribute
positively to achieving Palestinian national goals?
Yes 76.7 no 13.8 not sure 9.5

6. Do you think that the current Intifada will continue for -------?
Days 7.8 months 29.8 years 24.4 don't know 38.0

7. Do you think that Palestinian society is ready for a long-term and
intensifying conflict?
Yes 54.9 no 37.7 not sure 7.4

8. Do you support or oppose military attacks against Israeli targets
at the present time?
Support 80.0 oppose 15.1 not sure 4.9

9. If you support military attacks, what should be the target of
these attacks?
11.7 Support only against military targets
03.0 support only against settlers
33.1 against both military & settlers
00.4 against civilians in the 1948 proper
62.3 against all Israelis regardless

Section Six: Future outlook and others

1. Do you feel secure about the future of the coming generations?
Definitely yes 6.4 yes 15.8 in between 15.8
no 38.7 definitely no 19.1 no opinion 4.2

2. In regards to the future, are you optimistic or pessimistic?
Optimistic 39.5 in between 28.3 pessimistic 32.3

3. Do you think that Palestinians must strive for a state that is
based on equality between all its citizens, men and women?
Yes 84.9 no 10.4 not sure 4.7

4. Do you think that Palestinians must strive for a state that is
based on equality between all its citizens, Muslims and Christians?
Yes 87.0 no 9.6 not sure 3.4

5. Do you think that Palestinians must strive for a state that is
based on the respect of freedom of expression and press?
Yes 94.1 no 2.4 not sure 3.5

6. Do you think that Palestinians must strive for a state that is
based on the respect of rule of law?
Yes 94.1 no 2.4 not sure 3.5

7. Do you think that there is a need for a new election for president
and PLC?
Yes 55.6 no 34.1 not sure 10.2

8. Do support the establishment of a unity government that includes
all political groups?
Yes 93.3 no 3.6 not sure 3.2

9. Do you believe that the establishment of an independent
Palestinian State in the West Bank & Gaza will be achieved?
Yes 77.9 no 9.6 not sure 12.5

10. If an independent election for president of the Palestinian
people took place, who would you elect?
Yassir Arafat 30.0 Ahmad Yassin 11.9 Haidar Abdelshafi 10.1
None of the above- I will decide then 34.1
I will not participate in elections 7.5 No opinion 4.1
Other (specify ------------ ) 2.3

11. Which of the following political groups do support?
Fateh 29.6 Hamas 17.0 Nationalist Independents 6.1
Islamist Independents 5.3 Islamic Jihad 3.8
PFLP 3.4 Others 6.1 DFLP 0.5 Feda 0.4
PPP 0.4 None 27.4

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