July 21, 2003
Palestinian Arab Violations of President Bush's "Road Map" Plan A Survey
of Week #12: July 15, 2003 - July 21, 2003
BACKGROUND: On June 24, 2002, President Bush set forth the conditions
that the Palestinian Arabs must fulfill in order to merit U.S. support for
the creation of a Palestinian Arab state. Among the major obligations are
that the Palestinian Arabs must "dismantle the terrorist infrastructure,"
"end incitement," "elect new leaders not compromised by terror," and
unequivocally embrace democracy and free market economics. None of those
conditions were fulfilled.
In March 2003, Yasir Arafat chose Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), the number two
man in the PLO since the 1960s, as the new prime minister of the Palestinian
Authority. Mazen took office on April 29, 2003. Less than a day later, the
Bush administration unveiled its "Road Map" plan, which set forth conditions
that the Palestinian Arabs must fulfill prior to the creation of a
Palestinian Arab state.
The Road Map stipulates that the Palestinian Arabs are required to undertake
concrete steps to combat terrorist groups and democratize Palestinian Arab
society. Those obligations, which are quoted below, were supposed to have
been fulfilled during Phase 1 of the Road Map, which concluded at the end of
May 2003, but they were not.
This report analyzes Palestinian Arab violations of those obligations during
the 12th week following the unveiling of the Road Map plan, July 15 - July
I. "Cease All Violence" What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map
states: "In Phase 1 [May 2003], the Palestinians immediately undertake an
unconditional cessation of violence." They did not do so. On June 29, 2003,
Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and Fatah issued statements saying that they would
suspend attacks on Israelis for a period of 90 days if Israel ceases all
counter-terror operations and releases all imprisoned terrorists.
What They Did During Week #12: During week #12, July 15 - July 21, 2003,
there were at least 17 terrorist attacks, in which one person was wounded.
(During the first 12 weeks since Abu Mazen became prime minister and the
Road Map was published, there have been a total of 338 Palestinian Arab
terrorist attacks or attempted attacks, in which 51 people were murdered and
July 15: Bomb planted in Hebron.
July 16: Two shooting attacks on an Israeli Army outpost in Gaza ... Mortar
rocket attack on the town of Gadid.
July 17: Shooting attack on an Israeli Army outpost in northern Samaria ...
Israeli motorists attacked near Azoun ... Israeli motorists attacked near
July 18: Bomb planted in Tubas.
July 19: Firebomb attack on an Israeli motorist south of Revavah ...
Shooting attack on Israeli Border Guard officers in the Abu Dis neighborhood
of eastern Jerusalem ... Bomb attack on Israeli Army vehicles south of
July 20: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in the south Hebron Hills.
July 21: Stabbing attack in the Yemin Moshe neighborhood of Jerusalem; one
wounded ... Bomb planted near Har Bracha ... Bomb attacked near Tzofim ...
Shooting attack on workers near Tulkarm ... Attempted attack on Israeli
soldiers north of Kadim.
II. "Call for Recognizing Israel and Ending Violence" What They Are
Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to "issue an
unequivocal statement reiterating Israel's right to exist in peace and
security and calling for an immediate and unconditional cease-fire to end
armed activity and all acts of violence against Israelis anywhere."
What They Did During Week #12: No such statement was issued. On June 4,
speaking at the Aqaba summit, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) did say "we repeat
our renunciation of terrorism against the Israelis wherever they might be."
But PA Minister of Information Nabil Amr said (Doha Al-Jazira Television,
June 14, 2003): "As regards the word 'terrorism', I do not know why when the
Palestinians denounce the word terrorism, certain people think that this
means resistance. There is no text anywhere that says that the Palestinian
people's resistance is terrorism, which we denounce...Yes, we denounce
terrorism. Anyone who says that denouncing terrorism means denouncing
resistance is doing an injustice to legitimate resistance and is in effect
labeling it with terrorism."
III. "Arrest, Disrupt, and Restrain Terrorists" What They Are Required
to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to "undertake visible
efforts on the ground to arrest, disrupt and restrain individuals and groups
conducting and planning violent attacks on Israelis anywhere."
What They Did During Week #12: During the previous week, there were reports
of small numbers of terrorists being arrested by the PA, but then quickly
released. During Week #12, there were no reports of additional arrests.
IV. "Confiscate Terrorists' Weapons" What They Are Required to Do: The
Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to "commence confiscation of
What They Did During Week #11: In mid-July, there were media reports that
PA security forces had confiscated 20 illegal weapons from individuals in
Gaza. Israel Radio reported on July 12 that the individuals were common
criminals, not terrorists. On July 14, after media reports claiming that PA
policemen were searching cars for weapons, a "senior PA security official"
denied the reports, telling the Jerusalem Post: "What you saw on television
was not real; it was part of a drill. We carried out an exercise with the
participation of 600 policemen. That's all." (Jerusalem Post, July 15,
Meanwhile, Israeli forces operating in Shechem (Nablus) uncovered an
explosives laboratory and a cache of suicide-bomber vests.
V. "Dismantle the Terrorist Infrastructure" What They Are Required to
Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to carry out the
"dismantlement of terrorist capabilities and infrastructure."
What They Did During Week #12: The PA did not outlaw Hamas, Islamic Jihad,
Fatah, or any other terrorist groups; there were no reports of the PA
shutting down any bomb factories or terrorists' training camps; the PA
continued to ignore Israel's 45 requests for the extradition of terrorists;
there were no reports of the PLO leadership punishing PLO factions that are
engaged in terrorism, such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of
Palestine (PFLP) and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
On July 16, 2003, the Israeli Army's General Staff Planning Wing submitted a
report to U.S. officials revealing that there are 25 active
explosives-manufacturing labs operating in Judea, Samaria and Gaza; there
are 20 arms-smuggling networks functioning; some 50,000 illegal weapons are
circulating among Arabs in the territories; the PA is permitting the
terrorists freedom of travel in Gaza, which enables them to train terrorists
in firing rockets, prepare explosives, and transfer wanted terrorists from
place to place; and the terror groups continue to develop more advanced
Kassam rockets--improving their range from 8 kilometers to 12, which would
put the city of Ashkelon, and Prime Minister Sharon's nearby ranch
residence, within striking range.
On July 20, 2003, Prime Minister Sharon said that there had been a temporary
decrease in the number of terrorist attacks, but "it is also impossible to
ignore the fact that the terror organizations, with which the Palestinian
Authority has reached agreements, are strengthening."
VI. "End All Incitement"
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map requires that "all official
Palestinian institutions end incitement against Israel."
What They Did During Week #12: The PA's official newspapers, television,
and radio continued to broadcast a steady stream of anti-Israel,
anti-American, and pro-violence incitement, and PA officials continued to
make inciting statements. In addition, there was no change in the PA's
policy of inciting support for terror by publicly praising terrorists,
naming streets after them, and paying salaries to imprisoned terrorists and
For example, Palestinian Media Watch reported (July 20, 2003) that according
to the PA-sponsored newspaper Al Ayyam (July 18, 2003), a girls summer camp
run by the PA Ministry of Youth and Sports, in the city of Kalkilya, is
"named after the Shahida [martyr] Wafa Idris ... about 100 girls
participated [this summer] ... [At the closing ceremonies thanks were given
including] to UNICEF for its support of the camps." Idris was the first
woman suicide bomber. Her attack in Jerusalem on Jan. 27, 2002, murdered one
person and wounded over 150.
VII. "End Arab States' Support for Terror" What They Are Required to Do:
The Road Map states that during May 2003, "Arab states cut off public and
private funding and all other forms of support for groups supporting and
engaging in violence and terror."
What They Did During Week #12: There were no reports of any Arab states
cutting off their support for Palestinian Arab terrorist groups.
VIII. "Consolidate Security Forces" What They Are Required to Do: The
Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to undertake "consolidation of
security authority, free of association with terror and corruption"; and
"all Palestinian security organizations are consolidated into three services
reporting to an empowered interior minister."
What They Did During Week #12: The Israeli daily Ha'aretz reported on May
5, 2003, that "five different PA security organizations, including Force 17
and the General Intelligence, remain under the direct command of Chairman
Yasir Arafat" and have not been consolidated under the control of the
Interior Minister. Military Intelligence, the National Security Forces, and
the naval forces are also under Arafat's control. Only the remaining two
security agencies are under the Interior Minister. Arafat's five are under
the control of a newly-created agency, the National Security Council,
chaired by Arafat and his close aide Hanni al-Hassan.
IX. "Institute Democratic Reforms" What They Are Required to Do: The
Road Map requires the Palestinian Arabs to undertake a number of steps to
transform their brutal, corrupt dictatorial regime into a full-fledged
democracy, including "action on a credible process to draft constitution for
Palestinian statehood"; the holding of "free, open, and fair elections"; and
"steps to achieve genuine separation of powers, including any necessary
Palestinian legal reforms for this purpose."
What They Did During Week #12: No such steps were taken.
* * *
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