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Tuesday, January 20, 2004
ZOA:Palestinian Arab Violations of Roadmap - January 19, 2004

January 20, 2004 Palestinian Arab Violations of President Bush's "Road
Map" Plan A Survey of Week #38: January 13, 2004 - January 19, 2004

BACKGROUND: On June 24, 2002, President Bush set forth the conditions
that the Palestinian Arabs must fulfill in order to merit U.S. support for
the creation of a Palestinian Arab state. Among the major obligations are
that the Palestinian Arabs must "dismantle the terrorist infrastructure,"
"end incitement," "elect new leaders not compromised by terror," and
unequivocally embrace democracy and free market economics. None of those
conditions were fulfilled.

In March 2003, Yasir Arafat chose Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), the number two
man in the PLO since the 1960s, as the new prime minister of the Palestinian
Authority. Mazen took office on April 29, 2003. Less than a day later,
the Bush administration unveiled its "Road Map" plan, which set forth
conditions that the Palestinian Arabs must fulfill prior to the creation of
a Palestinian Arab state.

On September 6, 2003, Abbas resigned; the next day, Arafat named his
replacement-- Ahmed Qurei, speaker of the PA's Legislative Council and
number three man in the PLO. On October 6, 2003, Qurei was officially
named prime minister of the PA.

The Road Map requires the Palestinian Arabs to undertake concrete steps to
combat terrorist groups and democratize Palestinian Arab society. Those
obligations, which are quoted below, were supposed to have been fulfilled
during Phase 1 of the Road Map, which concluded at the end of May 2003, but
they were not.

This report analyzes Palestinian Arab violations of those obligations during
the 38th week following the unveiling of the Road Map plan, Jan.13 - Jan.19,
2004.

I. "Cease All Violence" What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map
states: "In Phase 1 [May 2003], the Palestinians immediately undertake an
unconditional cessation of violence." They did not do so.

What They Did During Week #38: During week #38, Jan. 13-19, 2004, there
were at least 20 terrorist attacks or attempted attacks, in which 5 people
were murdered and 15 wounded.

(During the first 38 weeks since the Road Map was issued, there have been a
total of at least 954 Palestinian Arab terrorist attacks or attempted
attacks, in which 140 people were murdered and 743 wounded.)

The PA's official "Palestine Media Center" reported on January 15, 2004 that
PA Foreign Minister Nabil Sha'ath (see
www.palestine-pmc.com/details.asp?cat=1&id=1177) said the PA "is capable to
stop all anti-Israeli attacks provided the Israelis reciprocate in kind."
In fact, the Road Map requires the PA to stop all attacks regardless of
Israeli "reciprocation." Despite that requirement, attacks continued:

January 13: Suicide bomber intercepted in Tulkarm ... Shooting attack on
Israeli soldiers in Tulkarm ... Shooting attack on Israeli motorists near
Talmon; one murdered, three wounded.

January 14: Suicide bombing at the Erez Crossing; four murdered, 12 wounded
... Shooting attack on Israeli motorists near Nachaliel ... Firebomb attack
on an Israeli bus near Tapuach ... Shooting attack on Israeli motorists near
Shechem (Nablus) ... Mortar rocket fired at Kibbutz Sa'ad ... Shooting
attack on Israeli soldiers north of Shechem (Nablus) ... Shooting attack on
Israeli soldiers near Gadid ... Shooting attack on Israeli solders near
Tarmit ... Mortar rockets fired at Neve Dekalim ... Attempted stabbing of an
Israeli soldier at the Kalandia checkpoint.

January 15: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in Gaza.

January 16: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in Gaza.

January 17: Mortar rockets fired at the Kissufim crossing.

January 18: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers on the Karni-Netzarim road
... Attempted rocket attack near Netzarim ... Attacks on Israeli motorists
near El Aroub.

January 19: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in Gaza.

II. "Call for Recognizing Israel and Ending Violence" What They Are
Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to "issue an
unequivocal statement reiterating Israel's right to exist in peace and
security and calling for an immediate and unconditional cease-fire to end
armed activity and all acts of violence against Israelis anywhere."

What They Did During Week #38: No such statement was issued.

III. "Arrest, Disrupt, and Restrain Terrorists" What They Are Required
to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to "undertake visible
efforts on the ground to arrest, disrupt and restrain individuals and groups
conducting and planning violent attacks on Israelis anywhere."

What They Did During Week #38: No such steps were taken.

IV. "Confiscate Terrorists' Weapons" What They Are Required to Do:
The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to "commence confiscation of
illegal weapons."

What They Did During Week #38: No such steps were taken.

V. "Dismantle the Terrorist Infrastructure" What They Are Required to
Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to carry out the
"dismantlement of terrorist capabilities and infrastructure."

What They Did During Week #38: The PA did not outlaw Hamas, Islamic
Jihad, Fatah, or any other terrorist groups; there were no reports of the PA
shutting down any bomb factories or terrorists' training camps; the PA
continued to ignore Israel's 45 requests for the extradition of terrorists;
there were no reports of the PLO leadership punishing PLO factions that are
engaged in terrorism, such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of
Palestine (PFLP) and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
(DFLP). Prime Minister Ahmed Qurei told the PA-affiliated newspaper Al Ayam
on October 7, 2003: "We will not confront, we will not go for a civil
war."

VI. "End All Incitement"

What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map requires that "all official
Palestinian institutions end incitement against Israel."

What They Did During Week #38: The PA's official newspapers, television,
and radio continued to broadcast a steady stream of anti-Israel,
anti-American, and pro-violence incitement, and PA officials continued to
make inciting statements. In addition, there was no change in the PA's
policy of inciting support for terror by publicly praising terrorists,
naming streets after them, and paying salaries to imprisoned terrorists and
their families.

For example, after the January 14, 2004 Palestinian Arab suicide bombing in
Gaza, in which four Israelis were murdered, the PA's official Voice of
Palestine Radio reported that the bomber, Rim al-Riyashi, "was heroically
martyred when she carried out an explosive operation at the Beit Hanoun
Junction, killing four soldiers of the Occupation." The broadcast
repeatedly called her a "martyr."(Translation courtesy of Prof. Michael
Widlanski of Hebrew Unviersity.)

VII. "End Arab States' Support for Terror" What They Are Required to
Do: The Road Map states that during May 2003, "Arab states cut off public
and private funding and all other forms of support for groups supporting and
engaging in violence and terror."

What They Did During Week #38: There were no reports of any Arab states
cutting off their support for Palestinian Arab terrorist groups.

VIII. "Consolidate Security Forces" What They Are Required to Do: The
Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to undertake "consolidation of
security authority, free of association with terror and corruption"; and
"all Palestinian security organizations are consolidated into three services
reporting to an empowered interior minister."

What They Did During Week #38: Five different PA security organizations,
including Force 17 and the General Intelligence, remain under Arafat's
direct command. Military Intelligence, the National Security Forces, and
the naval forces are also under Arafat's control. Only the remaining two
security agencies are under the Interior Minister.

IX. "Institute Democratic Reforms" What They Are Required to Do: The
Road Map requires the Palestinian Arabs to undertake a number of steps to
transform their brutal, corrupt dictatorial regime into a full-fledged
democracy, including "action on a credible process to draft constitution for
Palestinian statehood"; the holding of "free, open, and fair elections"; and
"steps to achieve genuine separation of powers, including any necessary
Palestinian legal reforms for this purpose."

What They Did During Week #38: No such steps were taken.

* * *

The Zionist Organization of America, founded in 1897, is the
oldest pro-Israel organization in the United States. The ZOA works to
strengthen U.S.-Israel relations, educates the American public and Congress
about the dangers that Israel faces, and combats anti-Israel bias in the
media and on college campuses. Its past presidents have included Supreme
Court Justice Louis Brandeis and Rabbi Dr. Abba Hillel Silver.

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