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Wednesday, November 30, 2005
Security Arrangements in Beilin's Geneva Accord Stricter Than What Sharon Accepted

Security Arrangements in Beilin's Geneva Accord Stricter Than What Sharon
Accepted

Aaron Lerner Date: 30 November 2005

A comparison of the security arrangements under the "Geneva Accord" - a
model agreement proposed by a group headed by Yossi Beilin to the security
arrangements negotiated by VPM Shimon Peres and accepted by Prime Minister
Ariel Sharon for Rafah finds that Beilin proposed a considerably stricter
arrangement.

#1 Who inspects?

Under the terms proposed by the Geneva Accord, a multinational force takes
an active role in inspections.

Under the agreement accepted by Israel for Rafah, the multinational force
can only observe the inspections carried out by Palestinians.

#2 Who has the authority to block weapons?

Under the terms proposed by the Geneva Accord, a multinational force has the
right to block the entry of weapons.

Under the agreement accepted by Israel for Rafah, the multinational force
can only suggest weapons be stopped - only the Palestinians have the right
to actually stop weapons.

#3 Who has the final say in the case of a dispute?

Under the terms proposed by the Geneva Accord, an international group has
final say in disputes.

Under the agreement accepted by Israel for Rafah, the Palestinians have
final say in disputes.

The following is the relevant text from the documents:

The EU-BAM, in any case of doubt about the compliance with the applicable
rules and regulations of the [AL: Palestinian] border guard or custom's
official, shall require the re-examination and re-assessment of any
passenger, luggage, vehicle or consignment of goods on which customs duty or
other revenue collected at importation has already been assessed and
collected. While the re-assessment is being conducted, the person(s),
luggage, vehicle or goods in question shall not be allowed to move/leave the
premises of the customs or border port. In case the EU-BAM remains
unsatisfied with the performance of the checks, it shall refer up the PA
management chain.
[Paragraph 4, Article III - Tasks, Agreed Arrangement on the European Union
Border Assistance Mission At the Rafah Crossing Point on the Gaza-Egypt
border]
www.imra.org.il/story.php3?id=27639

The Geneva Accord
A Model Israeli-Palestinian Peace Agreement
www.geneva-accord.org/Accord.aspx?FolderID=33&lang=en
.

Article 4 - Territory
...
12. International Border Crossings
The following arrangements shall apply to borders crossing between the state
of Palestine and Jordan, the state of Palestine and Egypt, as well as
airport and seaport entry points to the state of Palestine.

All border crossings shall be monitored by joint teams composed of members
of the PSF[AL: Palestinian Security Force] and the MF[AL: Multinational
Force]. These teams shall prevent the entry into Palestine of any weapons,
materials or equipment that are in contravention of the provisions of this
Agreement.

The MF representatives and the PSF will have, jointly and separately, the
authority to block the entry into Palestine of any such items. If at any
time a disagreement regarding the entrance of goods or materials arises
between the PSF and the MF representatives, the PSF may bring the matter to
the IVG[AL: Implementation and Verification Group that shall include the
US, the Russian Federation, the EU, the UN, and other parties, both regional
and international, to be agreed on by the Parties], whose binding
conclusions shall be rendered within 24 hours.

This arrangement shall be reviewed by the IVG after 5 years to determine its
continuation, modification or termination. Thereafter, the Palestinian party
may request such a review on an annual basis.

In passenger terminals, for thirty months, Israel may maintain an unseen
presence in a designated on-site facility, to be staffed by members of the
MF and Israelis, utilizing appropriate technology. The Israeli side may
request that the MF-PSF conduct further inspections and take appropriate
action.

For the following two years, these arrangements will continue in a specially
designated facility in Israel, utilizing appropriate technology. This shall
not cause delays beyond the procedures outlined in this clause.

In cargo terminals, for thirty months, Israel may maintain an unseen
presence in a designated on-site facility, to be staffed by members of the
MF and Israelis, utilizing appropriate technology. The Israeli side may
request that the MF-PSF conduct further inspections and take appropriate
action. If the Israeli side is not satisfied by the MF-PSF action, it may
demand that the cargo be detained pending a decision by an MF inspector. The
MF inspector's decision shall be binding and final, and shall be rendered
within 12 hours of the Israeli complaint.

.

Dr. Aaron Lerner, Director IMRA (Independent Media Review & Analysis)
(Mail POB 982 Kfar Sava)
Tel 972-9-7604719/Fax 972-3-7255730
INTERNET ADDRESS: imra@netvision.net.il
Website: http://www.imra.org.il

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