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Thursday, November 15, 2012
Egypt Independent: Egypts Morsy treads a fine line on Gaza

Egypt's Morsy treads a fine line on Gaza conflict
Mai Shams El-Din - Egypt Independent Thu, 15/11/2012 - 19:38

Egypt opened its border with Gaza on Wednesday night, sources in the border
town of Rafah told Egypt Independent. Locals estimate that 2,000 Gazans
fleeing Israel's bombardment of the densely populated enclave have already
flocked over the crossing.

President Morsy, formerly a leader of the Muslim Brotherhood, is now seeking
to balance domestic pressure to offer firm support to Gaza, with the
realpolitik of moves that which antagonize Israel and the United States, as
well as taking account of domestic concerns and reactions.

Meanwhile, Prime Minister Hesham Qandil has been asked by President Morsy to
lead a delegation to the Gaza strip tomorrow, according to spokesperson
Yasser Ali.

President Mohamed Morsy withdrew Egypt's ambassador to Israel yesterday, and
has called for an “urgent” meeting of the Arab League on Saturday. He has
officially reprimanded the Israeli ambassador. Media reports offer
conflicting information on whether the ambassador is currently present in

“Morsy exhausted most of his diplomatic cards in one move,” Saeed Okasha, an
expert in Arab-Israeli Affairs in al-Ahram Center for Political and
Strategic Studies told Egypt Independent.

Morsy, Okasha says, is left with only dangerous options that could endanger
his relationship with the US and Israel.

“Morsy is left with few options: seeking to amend the Camp David Treaty, and
completely ending diplomatic and trade relations with Israel,” Okasha said.

Domestic pressure

The Muslim Brotherhood, of which President Mohamed Morsy was a long-standing
leader, consistently criticized former President Hosni Mubarak for his
refusal to challenge Israel over attacks on Gaza. Mubarak expelled the
Israeli ambassador on five occasions, including during operation Cast Lead,
the assault on Gaza of December 2008 and January 2009. He did not, however,
open the Rafah crossing.

The Muslim Brotherhood called for protests outside major mosques on Thursday
afternoon, although none were very large. They have also called for a rally
tomorrow, Friday, at al-Azhar mosque after early afternoon prayers.

Hamas, the ruling party in Gaza, and the apparent target of Israel's
bombing, is an affiliate of the Brotherhood, but the larger Egypt-based
section has not been quick to satisfy the aspirations of its Gazan
associates. Most trade with Gaza still takes place through illicit tunnels.

Other political forces have called on Morsy to do more for Gaza.

The Salafi Al-Nour party said in a statement that Morsy’s decisions are not
enough, urging him to take more strict measures.

The liberal Constitution Party as well as various leftist political forces
demanded the same, reminding Morsy and the Brotherhood of their
long-standing rhetoric in support of the Palestinian cause.

Before the revolution the Brotherhood repeatedly criticized ousted president
Hosni Mubarak for siding with American and Israeli interests in the region.

On a knife edge

Experts believe that Morsy is torn between pressure to take extra measures
in support of Gaza, and the potential risks which this may bring.

Amending the Camp David Treaty would constitute a major shift for Egypt and
Okasha believes it could be a double-edged sword.

“Presidential spokesperson Yassir Ali said, in the midst of the critical
military situation in Sinai, that there is no need to amend Camp David
Accords. Imagine if he decided to request an amendment now, how would the
different political forces in Egypt respond? He did this for the sake of
Hamas and not for the sake of Egypt? It would be very embarrassing for him,”
Okasha added.

He argues that the opening of the Rafah Crossing may backfire. Mainstream
Egyptian media and opposition figures blamed Morsy for opening the crossing
before 16 Egyptian soldiers were killed in an attack in Rafah on August,
associating Gaza with Islamist militancy.

“Most of the cards Morsy is left with will be used negatively against him
inside Egypt by rival political forces. The only option to appease the
public, these political forces and Hamas is to cut diplomatic relations with
Israel, which would be too costly for him internationally,” he added.

The Qualifying Industrial Zones arrangement, a treaty with Israel whereby
Egyptian companies receive preferential access to US markets for products
which one tenth composed of Israeli materials. Textile exports based on the
arrangements were valued at $1.3 billion in 2011, according to Bloomberg.

A leader of the Freedom and Justice Party, Sobhi Saleh, believes that Morsy’s
remaining options for escalation are not as dangerous as many believe.

“Cutting diplomatic relations, closing the Israeli Embassy, unilaterally
freezing all the military elements of the Camp David Treaty are all possible
steps, and we shouldn't be scared to take them. The US needs Egypt as much
as Egypt needs good foreign relations,” he claimed.

Morsy has been asked since assuming power in Egypt to meet with Israeli
officials, but the meeting never happened.

Okasha believes that with Morsy’s latest decisions, the relationship with
Israel and the US seem to be worsening with Israel’s adamant decision not to
stop its military assault unless it achieves its purposes.

“Today is much quite than yesterday,” an Irish activist in Gaza, Gisela
Schmidt, told Egypt Independent. “We can hear explosions around the city and
can see Israeli warships and naval forces approaching the shores of the
Strip. It is still very difficult to know if there will be any ground
attacks in the future.”

She says that the supportive decisions which Morsy has made so far were met
with applause in beleaguered Gaza City.

At least 15 people are thought to have been killed in Gaza since the attacks
by the Israeli military intensified yesterday, while three Israelis were
killed by a rocket earlier today.

The latest round of the conflict began after Israel broke a truce by
assassinating a senior Hamas military commander.

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