Beit Ezra in Hebron
December 17, 2012
Following the Six-Day War in 1967, past residents of the Old City in
Jerusalem who had been expelled during the War of Independence in 1948 asked
for, and were granted a meeting with then Defense Minister Moshe Dayan. They
requested permission to return to their homes and property in the Old City,
confiscated and occupied by Jordan. Dayan consented, and, as a result,
Jerusalem’s Jewish Quarter today flourishes.
Simultaneously, past Hebron inhabitants, who had been expelled in 1929, and
again in 1936, requested a similar meeting with Dayan, in order to return to
their homes in the recently liberated city of the Patriarchs and Matriarchs.
Dayan refused to meet them.
So I heard from Hebron residents, some of whom no longer alive, years ago.
The story of Hebron’s Jewish property is a reason for heartache and chagrin.
Hebron Jews lost most of their assets following expulsion by the British
following the 1929 riots. As I was told by a survivor of those riots: “My
father wrote to the British High Commissioner and asked why the victims had
been punished – why the Jews were expelled after being slaughtered. His
answer: ‘I knew you couldn’t continue living together and being that there
were more Arabs than Jews it was easier to expel the Jews.’”
The untainted authenticity of Jewish land ownership is Hebron is
indisputable. The “Jewish Quarter,” presently known as the Avraham Avinu
neighborhood, was originally populated by Karites some 1,000 years ago. This
land was purchased from them by Rabbi Malchiel Ashkenazi, himself exiled to
Turkey from Spain in 1492. In 1540 he bought that area from the Karites and
moved, with a small community, to Hebron. This neighborhood existed until
the 1929 riots, massacre and exile.
Five dunam (5,000 sq. meters) of land adjacent to this place was purchased
by Rabbi Chaim Bajaiyo for the community in 1807 from the Kashkol family in
Hebron. This too remained under Jewish hands until 1929. In the early 1960s
this property was taken over and occupied by Hebron merchants, who built a
retail and wholesale market at the site.
Yosef Ezra is a ninth generation Hebronite. He and his father, Ya’akov Ezra,
were the last Jews to leave Hebron, following the Nov. 29, 1947 UN decision
to partition Israel. His father, who worked closely with Arabs, produced
cheese and other milk products. He worked in Hebron during the week and
spent Shabbat with his family in Jerusalem. Until November, 1947, when
Hebron’s Arabs told him not to return to this holy city.
The Ezra property, within the boundaries of these two areas was stolen,
according to Yossi Ezra by the Awawi family, who had worked with his father.
Then fifteen, Yosef Ezra still remembers this family, who worked for his
father, grazing sheep.
Presently, there is no doubt whatsoever that this is Jewish land, and that
there are no real, justifiable, legal Arab claims to this property. However,
the State Attorney General’s office has decided that Arabs who lived on this
land which they stolen from Jews have ‘protected resident status’ and refuse
to allow Hebron’s Jewish community to utilize the property. This, despite a
ruling by an Israeli military judicial panel of three judges which concluded
that there is a firm legal basis to allow the Hebron Jewish Community to
utilize this land.
Today the State informed the Israeli Supreme Court of their decision to
expel the two families living in Beit Ezra. The expulsion is due to occur
towards the end of April. That is, following the elections. Bibi Netanyahu
isn’t interested in photos and videos of Jews expelled from their homes in
Hebron before the elections. It wouldn’t win him any mandates.
The decision also expressed a possibility that the property will be made
available to Hebron’s Jewish community, after the families have been
We’ve been through this before. Back in January, 2006 the Israeli government
made a similar promise, whereby, following voluntary exit of homes in
“Mitzpe Shalhevet,” other families would be allowed back in, with full
permission and government permits. This offer was made with the knowledge
and consent of the defense and prime ministers. After all the families moved
out, then Attorney General Manny Mazuz nixed the deal. We were left with
In January, 1997, when the Hebron Accords, which split Hebron, leaving most
of the city in the hands of the Palestinian Authority, were signed and
implemented by Bibi Netanyahu, another government decision was passed,
calling for, and promising, the continued growth and wellbeing of Hebron’s
Jewish community. It’s hard to understand how a Prime Minister, whose
actions brought upon this community two and a half years of shooting
attacks, murders, and other terror acts, who promised to ensure the
expansion of Hebron’s Jewish Community, can allow continued shrinkage of
Hebron’s housing and neighborhoods. Beit HaMachpela, Beit HaShalom, now Beit
Ezra, not to mention refusal of any permits to plan or build new homes, are
not examples of good will, growth, and well-being. To the contrary, they
seem to be examples of how to bring about the deletion of Hebron’s Jewish
community from the map.
So, what is it with you, Bibi? Perhaps the time has arrived to come clean.
Will the property really be returned to us, or is this another political
spin, designed to prevent more votes from draining away from the Likud? Let
the electorate know exactly where you stand concerning Hebron, before
January 22, 2013. For a start, give us back Beit Ezra.
The Jewish Community of Hebron
P.O. Box 105, Kiryat Arba 90100 Israel
Tel: 972-2-9965333; Fax: 972-2-9965304