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Tuesday, March 5, 2013
An-Najah Poll of Palestinians: 62.4%:35.2% Support closing all tunnels. 60.7%:33.5% Expect 3rd intifada to break out in West Bank

Do you expect a break out of a third uprising (intifada) in the West Bank?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
Yes 60.7 (60.5) [61.0]
No 33.5 (35.0) [30.9]
No opinion/I do not know 5.8 (4.5) [8.1]

Do you support or reject the rise of an armed intifada in the West Bank?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
I support 33.8 (25.8) [47.9]
I reject 62.0 (71.5) [45.3]
No opinion/I do not know 4.2 (2.6) [6.9]

Egypt has announced that it will close all tunnels between Egypt and the
Gaza Strip. Do you support or reject the Egyptian move?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
I support 62.4 (69.5) [50.1]
I reject 35.2 (28.6) [46.9]
No opinion/I do not know 2.3 (2.0) [3.0]

An-Najah National University
Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies
Tel: (972) (9) 2345113 Fax: (972)(9) 2345982
Nablus – Palestinian: P.O. Box 7, 707
Email: Polls@najah.edu hussein596@yahoo.com

Results of Palestinian Public Opinion Poll No. 46
1-3 March 2013

The Results

Following are the results of the Palestinian Public Opinion Poll no. 46
conducted by the Center for Opinion Polls and Survey Studies at An-Najah
National University during the period from 1-3 March 2013. The University
sponsors all polls conducted by its Center.

Sample included 1366 persons whose age group is 18 and above and who have
the right to vote. The enclosed questionnaire was distributed on 866 persons
from the West Bank and 500 persons from the Gaza Strip. The sample was drawn
randomly and the margin of error is about +/-3%; still 1.3% of the members
of the sample refused to answer the questionnaire.
_____________________________________________________________________
The opinions represented in the results reflect those of the study; they do
not, by any means, represent the opinion of An-Najah National University.

The General Results of the Poll

Are you optimistic or pessimistic towards holding and implementing a
reconciliation agreement between Fateh and Hamas in the near future?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip
Optimistic 55.7 (60.4) 47.5]
Pessimistic 40.9 (37.4) 47.1]
No opinion/I do not know 3.4 (2.2) [5.5]
T
There are those who say that Fateh is not concerned with signing a
reconciliation agreement, and there are those who say Hamas is the side
which is not concerned. In your opinion which side is not concerned?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
Fateh 16.3 (15.7) [17.2
Hamas 32.1 (21.7) [50.7]
Others 33.8 (44.4) [15.2]
No opinion/I do not know 17.9 (13.4) [17.0]

Which side has the biggest interest from not signing a reconciliation
agreement?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
Fateh 16.5 (17.8) [14.1]
Hamas 31.3 (17.5) [55.8]
Others 39.1 (50.6) [18.8]
No opinion/I do not know 13.1 (14.1) 11.3]

What do you think the reason behind the delay in signing a reconciliation
agreement is?
Some Arab pressure on some sides 13.0
Some foreign pressure on some sides 31.0
Some party interests of Fateh and Hamas 47.5
No opinion/I do not know 8.5

Do you think that not reaching a national reconciliation is because there
are people who endeavor to achieve -----------?
Personal interests 51.7
Interest of party or faction 42.1
No opinion/I do not know 6.2

If the national reconciliation is approved, how do you think it will
generally affect you personally?
Positively 55.9
Negatively 5.9
It will not affect me 34.8
No opinion/I do not know 3.4

From your point of you, what is the most effective way to end the
Palestinian division?
Foreign political pressure 16.3
Arab political pressure 12.2
Pressure from the Palestinian public 67.1
No opinion/I do not know 4.4

Do you think that the surrounding Arab and international circumstances
necessitate conducting national reconciliation between Fateh and Hamas?
Yes 70.3
No 24.1
No opinion/I do not know 5.6

Do you think that the implementation of the reconciliation agreement will
hinder or support the peace process?
It will hinder peace process 25.5
It will support the peace process 48.5
It will not have any effect 23.1
No opinion/I do not know 2.9

Do you think that the USA is serious in its endeavors to establish peace
between the Palestinians and the Israelis?
Yes 12.7
No 82.8
No opinion/I do not know 4.5

President Obama is expected to visit the region in March; do you expect that
the visit will help in pushing the peace process forward?
Yes 18.7
No 74.2
No opinion/I do not know 7.1

Do you think that the USA will exert pressure on both the Israeli and
Palestinian sides to bring the peace process to a successful end during the
second term of President Obama?
Yes 23.6
No 67.5
No opinion/I do not know 8.9

How do you see the US policy towards the Palestinian question?
Biased towards Israel 88.8
Biased towards the Palestinians 2.7
Impartial 6.2
No opinion/I do not know 2.3

After the last Knesset elections in Israel and the winning of the
Likud-Yisrael Beiteinu coalition, do you expect advancement in the peace
process between the Palestinians and the Israelis?
Yes 14.1
No 78.3
No opinion/I do not know 7.6

Do you support or reject the return to negotiations at the present time
without preconditions?
Yes 22.8
No 73.1
No opinion/I do not know 4.2

Do you support or reject the return to negotiations at the present time if
building in the settlements is stopped?
Yes 63.9
No 32.7
No opinion/I do not know 3.4

Do you support or reject the two state solution provided that a Palestinian
state is created to live side by side with Israel?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
I support 46.2 (51.2) [37.4
I reject 49.9 (46.5) 56.0]
No opinion/I do not know 3.9 (2.3) [6.7]

Do you consider yourself optimistic or pessimistic towards the success of
the peace process between the Palestinian Authority and Israel?
Optimistic 29.7
Pessimistic 66.1
No opinion/I do not know 4.2

Do you support or reject dissolving the PA?
I support 29.7
I reject 65.4
No opinion/I do not know 4.8

Do you think that the PA will collapse if enough funds become unavailable to
it?
Yes 56.0
No 38.4
No opinion/I do not know 5.6

It is known that the PA is facing a huge financial deficit because some Arab
countries did not give the financial support that the Arab summit
conferences approved and because aids from some foreign countries were
stopped. In your opinion how can the financial deficit be reduced?
Total
(Yes ) [No] No opinion/I do not know
Turning some employees to early retirement (37.5) [60.0] 2.5
Increasing taxes and imposing new ones (10.0) [88.2] 1.8
Going back to peace talks so that foreign aid can be resumed (56.6 )
[39.2] 4.3
Asking Arab countries to pay the financial dues that they committed
themselves to (88.7 ) [8.9] 2.3

West Bank
(Yes) [No] No opinion/I do not know
Turning some employees to early retirement (37.4) [61.1] 1.5
Increasing taxes and imposing new ones (6.8 ) [92.8 ] 0.5
Going back to peace talks so that foreign aid can be resumed (63.7)
[33.8] 2.5
Asking Arab countries to pay the financial dues that they committed
themselves to (88.9) [9.1] 2.1

Gaza Strip
(Yes) [ No] No opinion/I do not know
Turning some employees to early retirement (37.6) [58.2] 4.2
Increasing taxes and imposing new ones (15.8) [80.2] 4.0
Going back to peace talks so that foreign aid can be resumed (43.8)
[48.7] 7.5
Asking Arab countries to pay the financial dues that they committed
themselves to pay (88.5) [ 8.7] 2.8

There is a current on-going talk relating to defining the minimum wage in
Palestine. In your opinion what should the minimum wage be?
Mean
West Bank 2549.1
Gaza Strip 2170.7
Total 2412.0

In your opinion what are the reasons behind the financial crisis that the PA
suffers from?
(On a 0-10 scale, please give the top a 10 and the lowest a 0)
Israel’s delay in transferring the tax return to the PA 7.7299
Arab countries’ failure to fulfill their financial commitments to the PA
7.5322
Foreign countries’ failure to fulfill their financial commitments to the PA
6.9048
PA’s poor management of public funds 7.8843
The huge number of employees at the PA 6.4546
Tax avoidance by some institutions, companies and individuals 5.8821

Do you expect a break out of a third uprising (intifada) in the West Bank?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
Yes 60.7 (60.5) [61.0]
No 33.5 (35.0) [30.9]
No opinion/I do not know 5.8 (4.5) [8.1]

Do you support or reject the rise of an armed intifada in the West Bank?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
I support 33.8 (25.8) [47.9]
I reject 62.0 (71.5) [45.3]
No opinion/I do not know 4.2 (2.6) [6.9]

Do you support or reject the rise of popular, unarmed and nonviolent
resistance?
West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
I support 59.4 (62.1) [54.5]
I reject 36.4 (35.5) [38.0]
No opinion/I do not know 4.2 (2.4) [7.5]

In your opinion what are the reasons that may cause the rise of a third
intifada?
(On a 0-10 scale, please give the top a 10 and the lowest a 0)
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
The financial crisis that the PA goes through 6.7284 (6.6670)
[6.8364]
The issue of the prisoners 8.4934 (8.2836) [8.8626]
Failure to achieve national reconciliation. 5.9729 (5.7451)
[6.3737]
The desire of some factions and parties to have a third intifada. 5.3199
(5.2629) [8.4202]
The revolutions of the Arab Spring 4.0293 (3.5660) [4.8444]
The recurring aggressions of settlers against Palestinian people 7.7247
(7.5649) [8.0061]
Aggressions against the holy places 8.2372 (8.0276) [8.6061]

Egypt has announced that it will close all tunnels between Egypt and the
Gaza Strip. Do you support or reject the Egyptian move?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
I support 62.4 (69.5) [50.1]
I reject 35.2 (28.6) [46.9]
No opinion/I do not know 2.3 (2.0) [3.0]

Do you support or reject opening a free zone between Egypt and the Gaza
Strip and closing all tunnels between them?
I support 76.5
I reject 19.5
No opinion/I do not know 4.0

Did you know that the Palestinian Central Elections Commission has updated
the electoral record in both the West Bank and the Gaza Strip?
Yes 75.9
No 20.7
No opinion/I do not know 3.4

How do you assess the work of the Palestinian Central Elections Commission?
Good 52.9
Fair 27.8
Bad 6.5
No opinion/I do not know 12.8

Do you support conducting the coming Presidential elections despite the
division or after ending it?
After ending the division 81.3
Despite the division 12.0
No opinion/I do not know 6.7

Do you support conducting the coming legislative elections despite the
division or after ending it?
After ending division 80.5
Despite division 12.7
No opinion/I do not know 6.9

If elections are to be conducted in the Palestinian Territories at the
present time do you think that they will be fair?
Yes 57.0
No 33.5
No opinion/I do not know 9.4

If presidential elections are held in the present time, to whom from among
the following do you give your vote?
Total (West Bank0 [Gaza Strip]
An independent candidate 8.2 (9.0) [6.9]
A candidate from the left 2.3 (2.1) [2.6]
A candidate from Hamas 9.7 (7.3) [13.9]
A candidate from Fateh 28.7 (23.9) [37.2]
A national independent candidate 4.5 (4.9) [3.6]
An Islamic independent candidate 4.5 (3.4) [6.3]
I will not participate in the elections 19.4 (23.9) [11.5]
I have not decided yet 22.8 (25.5) [18.0]

If new PLC elections are conducted, whom will you vote for?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
An independent ticket 6.7 (7.5) [5.3
A ticket from the left 2.6 (2.4) [3.0]
A ticket from Hamas 10.1 (7.6) [14.5]
A ticket from Fateh 29.2 (24.7) [37.2]
A national independent ticket 4.6 (5.2) [3.6]
An Islamic independent ticket 4.4 (3.2) [6.5]
I will not participate in the elections 19.5 (23.9) [11.9]
I have not decided yet 22.8 (25.6) [18.0]

If new legislative elections are to be held today, which of the following
will win?
An independent Islamists bloc 5.3
An independent Nationalist bloc 6.8
A Fateh bloc 41.4
A Hamas bloc 17.7
A bloc from leftist organizations 1.3
No opinion/I do not know 27.5

In case PLC elections are conducted, do you prefer conducting them on the
basis of electoral lists or on the basis of persons?
Electoral lists 30.4
Persons 29.1
Mixed 29.0
No opinion/I do not know 11.6

If municipality and local council elections are to be held, who do you vote
for?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
A block that represents the family or clan 9.7 (13.5) [3.4]
An independent ticket 5.7 (5.4) [6.2]
A ticket from the left 2.3 (1.7) [3.4]
A ticket from Hamas 9.2 (6.6) [13.5]
A ticket from Fateh 24.9 (19.4) [34.2]
A national independent ticket 4.8 (4.6) [5.2]
An Islamic independent ticket 3.7 (3.0) [4.3]
I will not participate in the elections 18.1 (22.5) [10.8]
I have not decided yet 21.7 (23.4) [18.9]

Do you prefer conducting local council elections on the basis of electoral
lists or on the basis of individual candidates?
Electoral lists 28.1
Individual candidates 36.4
Mixed 26.0
No opinion/I do not know 9.5

Do the current political, security and economic circumstances compel you to
desire emigrating abroad?
Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
Yes 30.4 (23.8) [42.0]
No 67.4 (75.0) [54.1]
No opinion/I do not know 2.2 (1.3) [3.8]

Are you worried about your life under the present circumstances?
Yes 44.5
No 54.3
No opinion/I do not know 1.2

Are you pessimistic or optimistic towards the general Palestinian situation
at this stage?
Optimistic 32.9
Pessimistic 64.1
No opinion/I do not know 3.0

Under the present circumstances, do you feel that you, your family and your
properties are safe?
Yes 22.0
May be 43.4
No 34.3
No opinion/I do not know 0.4

Which of the following political affiliations do you support?
PARTY Total (West Bank) [Gaza Strip]
People’s Party 0.7 (0.3) [1.4]
Democratic Front 1.0 (0.8) [1.4]
Islamic Jihad 2.6 (0.8) [5.7]
Fateh 35.0 (31.3) [41.4]
Hamas 11.6 (10.0) [14.3]
Fida 0.1 (0.0) [0.4]
Popular Front 2.6 (2.6) [2.6]
Palestinian National Initiative 0.7 (0.6) [0.8]
I am an independent nationalist 5.5 (5.3) [5.9]
I am an independent Islamist 3.5 (2.3) [5.7]
None of the above 36.1 (45.6) [19.4]
Others 0.5 (0.2) [1.0]

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