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Thursday, June 21, 2007
PSR Poll of Palestinians: 75% want early elections, 12% Israeli occupation greatest threat to Palestinians today

21 June 2007
Palestinian Public Opinion Poll No. (24)

Anger and lack of confidence prevails in the Palestinian Street:

While Popularity of Hamas Decreases, and Status of Ismail Haniyeh and Mahmud
Abbas Declines, and While the Public Loses Confidence in its Leadership, in
Most of the Security Services, and in the Various Armed "Brigades," Three
Quarters Demand Early Presidential and Parliamentary Elections

14-20 June 2007

These are the results of the latest poll conducted by the Palestinian Center
for Policy and Survey Research in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip during
June 14-20, 2007. Total size of the sample is 1270 adults interviewed face
to face in 127 randomly selected locations. Margin of error is 3%. For
further details, contact PSR director, Dr. Khalil Shikaki, or Walid Ladadweh
at tel 02-296 4933 or email pcpsr@pcpsr.org.

Main Findings:

Findings show that the recent infighting has angered most Palestinians and
led to a loss of confidence in the leadership and most of the security
services. They also show that while a consensus is developing over the need
to conduct early parliamentary and presidential elections, the public is
split over other alternatives such as the dissolution of the Palestinian
Authority and replacing it with an international trusteeship or the
establishment of a confederation with Jordan.

Satisfaction with the performance of President Mahmud Abbas
during the period of infighting does not exceed 13% and satisfaction with
his overall performance in general drops from 48% last March to 36% in this

Satisfaction with the overall performance of the pervious
National Unity Government does not exceed 17% and confidence in the various
security services varies between low for the Preventive Security, General
Intelligence, Executive Force, and Presidential Guard (ranging between 33%
and 37%), and medium for the National Security Forces (48%), al Qassam
Brigades (45%), al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades (50%), and the Police (58%).

Overwhelming majority (75%) wants holding of early
presidential and parliamentary elections today while support for the
formation of an emergency government stands at 56% and opposition at 38%.
Opposition to the emergency government stands at 47% in the Gaza Strip.

If new parliamentary elections are held today, Fateh would
receive 43% of the vote, the same percentage it received three months ago in
our March survey. But support for Change and Reform (Hamas) drops from 37%
three months ago to 33% in this survey. Support for all other third parties
combined stands at 12% and 13% remain undecided.

If new presidential elections are held today and the only two
candidates were Mahmud Abbas and Ismail Haniyeh, 40% would not participate
in these elections. Among those who would participate, 49% would vote for
Abbas and 42% for Haniyeh. If the competition was between Marwan Barghouti
and Ismail Haniyeh, non participation would drop to 31%. Among those who
would participate, 59% would vote for Marwan Barghouti and 35% for Haniyeh.
In the Gaza Strip, Barghouti wins against Haniyeh by 55% to 41%.

Both sides, Fateh and Hamas are seen as equally responsible
for the infighting in the eyes of 59% while 71% believe the two sides are
equally losers

90% describe current Palestinian conditions as very bad or
bad while only 6% describe them as good or very good. 28% say they want to
immigrate to other countries and 23% say they are not proud of being

A large percentage (41%) wants the dissolution of the
Palestinian Authority but a larger percentage (49%) opposes that. The
percentage of those in
favor of dissolving the PA is divided among those who want it replaced with
international trusteeship (26%) and those who want it replaced with a return
to full Israeli occupation (16%).

Similarly, 42% support the establishment of a confederation
with Jordan while 52% opposes that. The percentage of those in favor the
confederation solution is divided among those who want it now (25%) and
those who want it only later after the establishment of a Palestinian state

Overwhelming majority of 82% view acts such as the kidnapping
of foreigners, the burning of internet cafe's, and the bombing of foreign
schools as criminal deserving condemnation while only 3% view them as
nationalistic and deserving support. In the Gaza Strip, 85% view these acts
as criminal and 2% as nationalistic.

The greatest threat to Palestinians today is infighting and
lack of law and order in the eyes of 56% followed by poverty in the eyes of
21%, Israeli occupation (12%) and international sanctions and boycott (10%).

After 40% of Israeli occupation, percentage of those who
believe that the chances for the creation of an independent Palestinian
state are medium or high does not exceed 26% while 70% believe the chances
are non existent or low.
This PSR survey was conducted with the support of the Konrad Adenauer
Stiftung in Ramallah.

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